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Simple, Affordable and Targeted Technology Innovations Needed to Address Water Scarcity, Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Desalination Emerges as Promising Alternative
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Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is experiencing acute water shortages due to erratic rainfall patterns and the increased frequency of droughts. The region is largely dependent on rainfall; however, alternate sources have to be found to meet the current and the future demand for fresh water. Global seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination capacity is growing at an annual rate of 13.6% and is expected to continue growing at the same rate over the next 5 years. Innovative membrane upgrades, such as the development of ceramic and polymeric membranes, and the use of renewable energy, targeted at reducing operating costs, continue to spur the growth of SWRO desalination. This market insight discusses the use of SWRO as a source of portable water in the region. Desalination has been widely and successfully implemented in North Africa. Algeria is a key example of a country in Africa that has managed to use desalination on a large scale. At present, South Africa is the main user of desalination technology in SSA. Ghana and Namibia also have operational plants.
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