Executive Analysis for European Emission Standards and Testing Procedures

Use of Advanced Powertrain Technologies will be the Key Strategy to Adopt New Test Procedures

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Research Overview


This Frost & Sullivan research service on European vehicle emission standards and testing procedures analyses globalized vehicle testing procedures with specific focus on the World Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) and New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) testing. The study provides a comparative analysis of test procedures, impacts of various technologies on WLTP and NEDC results, key technologies favouring the shift in testing procedure, challenges in adopting a new test cycle, and upcoming technologies that will aid WLTP adoption. The base year for the research is 2015 and forecasts are provided till 2020 for regions such as Western and Eastern Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific (India, Japan, China, and Australia) and Latin America (Brazil).


Market Overview


WLTP to replace NEDC vehicle testing in Europe


It is mandatory for automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to follow vehicle test procedures to comply with emission norms and fuel economy ratings. Europe and North America lead in adopting stringent testing procedures. Currently, European OEMs are using a combination of the NEDC procedure, introduced in the 1970s to measure smog-causing nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, and CO2 emission and fuel consumption tests. However, the region will be compelled to adopt the more advanced WLTP, which reflects modern driving conditions more accurately by taking into account temperature change, higher vehicle load, higher engine speeds, and lesser stopping phases. WLTP will thus drive advances in downsizing, multiple boosting systems, direct injection engines, hybridization and exhaust systems.


While WLTP will play a vital role in bringing down the emissions level with real time testing conditions for new production fleet, it will impact current technologies that are in use. OEMs will be challenged to shift to newer technologies as it will require higher investments. In the long run though, standardizing test procedures will decrease testing costs as OEMs can share test beds. For now, OEMs should optimize technologies used for NEDC to suit WLTP. Other regions such as North America, China and Japan will continue using NEDC testing and adopt WLTP only in urbanized high emission areas. Once the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and World forum for harmonization of vehicle regulation (WP29 Forum) regularize testing parameters in Europe, they will look at other regions.


Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Key Highlights
Global Emission and Drive Cycle Adoption Hot Spots
Road map and Implementation of WLTP
Timeline for Implementation of the WLTP in EU Region, Global, 2005–2020
Key 2016/2020 Regional Highlights and Outlook
North America
Europe
Brazil
China
India
2. Research Scope and Segmentation
Research Scope
Base Year
Study Period
Forecast Period
Vehicle Type
Geographical Scope
Research Aims and Objectives
Research Methodology
Secondary Research
Primary Research
Company
ICCT
University of Aristotle, Greece
European Commission
PSA
Others
Vehicle Segmentation
Segment
Examples
3. Definitions and Segmentation
Test Procedures and Differentiation
Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Technology and End-user Segmentation, Global, 2015
Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedures
United States
European Union
Japan
Australian
4. Emission Regulations and World Harmonized Test Procedures Roadmap
Emission Norms across the World
Regulation Roadmap with Emissions
Timeline for Implementation of the WLTP in EU Region, Global, 2005–2020
Parameters with Potential Impact with NEDC-WLTP Conversion
Technology Focus of OEMs to comply for WLTP
5. WLTP Procedure in Depth Analysis
World Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedures (WLTP)
Why WLTP
Key Industry News on WLTP
Light Vehicle Test procedures Market: Comparing NEDC-WLTP with their Parameters, Europe, 2015
Light Vehicle Test procedures Market: Challenging and Influencing factors, Europe, 2015
Parameters with Potential Impact with NEDC-WLTP Conversion
6. Role of Various Technologies and their Impact on World Harmonized Test Procedures
Analysis of Various Powertrain Technologies in NEDC and WLTP Test Cycles
Light Vehicle Test Procedures Market: Influence of Powertrain Technologies in NEDC/WLTP Test Cycles, Europe, 2015
Start Stop Technology
Direct Injection Technology
Cylinder Deactivation Technology
Hybrid/Plug-in Hybrid Technology
Downsizing and Boosting Technology
Exhaust After-treatment Technology
7. OEM Profiles—WLTP Strategies
Fleet Average Weight and Fleet Average CO2 Emissions by OEM
Europe OEM Market Snapshot
8. Conclusions and Future Outlook
Conclusions and Future Outlook
Legal Disclaimer
9. Appendix
Emission Regulations Roadmap
European Union (EU)
USA
China
India
Market Engineering Methodology
Table of Acronyms Used
Learn More—Next Steps


List of Figures & Charts

1. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: US Drive Cycles Snapshot, USA, 2015
2. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Emission Legislation—Passenger Cars (Global), 2000–2020
3. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Parameters with Potential Impact on CO2 , Europe, 2015
4. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Start-Stop Technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015
5. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Direct Injection Technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015
6. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Cylinder Deactivation Technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015
7. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Hybrid/Plug-in Hybrid Technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015
8. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Downsizing and Boosting Technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015
9. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Impact on Emission After-Treatment technology NEDC-WLTP Correlation, Europe, 2015


1. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: US FTP 72 and FTP 75 Drive Cycles, USA, 2015
2. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: US06 and SC03 Drive Cycles, USA, 2015
3. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: US EPA NYCC and HWFET Drive Cycles, USA, 2015
4. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: New European Driving Cycles (NEDC), Europe, 2015
5. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Japan JC08 Drive Cycle, Japan, 2015
6. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Australian Design Rules(ADRs) Drive Cycle, Australia, 2015
7. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Emission Legislation—Passenger Cars (Global), 2005–2025
8. Light Vehicle Test Procedures Market: Comparison of Technology Focus Testing Procedure Markets, Europe, 2015–2020
9. Light Vehicle Test procedures Market: World Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedures (WLTP), Europe, 2015
10. Light Vehicle Test Procedure Market: Fleet Average Weight and Fleet Average CO2 Emissions by OEM, Europe, 2014



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