Carbon dioxide conversion processes are used for utilizing extracted carbon dioxide from flue gas emissions and direct air capture methods to produce bioplastic materials. These plastic materials are advantageous to use over conventional plastics manufactured from petroleum-derivatives, do their biodegradable, recyclable, and low cost nature. Some of the potential application areas for bioplastics manufactured using waste carbon dioxide includes packaging materials, coating resins, bedding foams, and electronic components. As several research institutes and commercial organization are focusing on developing processes, which reduce greenhouse emissions into the atmosphere, the carbon dioxide conversion technology to form commercially viable plastic materials is expected to find widespread impact in the near future.
Keywords: Bioplastics, carbon dioxide, carbon footprint, greenhouse gas, renewable energy, energy intensive, flue gas, emissions, catalyst, polymer, thermoplastics