African Desalination Market, Forecast to 2022

Opportunities Arising from Increasing Water Scarcity and Decreasing Cost of Technology will Result in Double-digit Market Growth

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Africa has the largest number of water-scarce countries than any other continent in the world, and the majority of the continent relies on rainfall and surface water for their water supply. Of the 54 countries in Africa, 39 have a coastline, making desalination a logical solution. Insufficient infrastructure is a major reason why water is a challenge in Africa. Water projects only account for a cumulative average of 1.3% of total infrastructure investment in the continent. The high CAPEX and OPEX costs of desalination are a major restraint to the development of the desalination market in Africa.

Research Highlights

This study provides an analysis of the desalination market in Africa, focussing on desalination market states and developments in the regional segments of North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa), and South Africa. The desalination market across all African regions felt the effects of the global economic downturn between 2015 and 2017 and has since begun to stabilise and show signs of growth. North African countries are primary users of desalination in Africa. Desalination is a main source of water in the arid region where rainfall is minimal. As such, the desalination market in this region is mature and will maintain its dominant position on the continent in the forecast period. In Sub-Saharan Africa and South African regions, however, desalination is seen as a way to diversify water resources rather than serving as a main source of water. The desalination market in Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to achieve high growth leading up to 2022 considering its state of immaturity. The South African desalination market is expected to achieve low growth leading up to 2022 due to the high CAPEX costs associated with desalination plants. Innovative containerised/modular models are going in popularity in Sub-Saharan and South Africa due to the financial risks inherent in constructing large desalination plants.

Considering the high financial costs associated with desalination plants, there is a shift to the BOT and BOOT contracting models to share the risk across the public and private sectors. The DBO model will increase in popularity as municipalities will seek a “one-stop-shop” from design to build to O&M of plants. The most commonly applied desalination technologies for existing plants in Africa are Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi-stage Flash (MSF), and Multi-effect Distillation (MED). In recent years, MSF and MED have declined significantly due to their high energy requirements, and electrodialysis and nanofiltration have increased. RO will maintain dominance. As energy consumption is the most significant component of the overall operational costs of desalination plants, reaching as much as 44%, technology companies have the opportunity to develop leverage energy reduction devices that have the potential to reduce energy requirements by 20 to 40%.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Key Findings
2. Desalination Market Overview
Market Overview
Market Definitions
Market Scope
Market Value Chain Analysis
Desalination Market Landscape
3. Drivers and Restraints—Desalination Market
Market Drivers
Market Restraints
4. Forecasts and Trends—Desalination Market
Revenue Forecast
Percent Revenue Forecast by Region
Revenue Forecast by Region
Desalination Installations by Country
Market Profile
Construction—Procurement and Contracting Models
Construction—Influencing Factors and Trends
Operation and Maintenance
5. Market Share and Competitive Analysis—Desalination Market
Market Share
Market Share Analysis
Competitive Environment
Competitive Factors and Assessment
6. Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
Growth Opportunity 1—Energy Use Reduction
Growth Opportunity 2—Brine By-product Use
Growth Opportunity 3—Procurement and Contract Models
Growth Opportunity 4—Improved Pre-treatment
Strategic Imperatives for Desalination Providers
7. North African Regional Analysis
North Africa Region Key Findings
North African Desalination Market Overview
Revenue Forecast
Online Desalination Plants by Technology
Online Projects
8. Sub-Saharan African Regional Analysis
9. South African Regional Analysis
10. Mega Trend Impacts
Macro to Micro Visioning
Megatrends Impacting the Desalination Plant Market
11. Industry Trends and Challenges
Desalination Trends
Desalination Challenges
12. Opportunities Heat Map
Heat Map for Desalination Construction
Heat Map for Desalination Plant Operation and Maintenance
Heat Map for By-product and Recovery
13. Conclusions
Legal Disclaimer
14. Appendix
Acronyms and Abbreviations
List of Others
List of Exhibits
15. The Frost & Sullivan Story

List of Figures & Charts

1. Desalination Market: Key Market Drivers, Africa, 2018–2022
2. Desalination Market: Key Market Restraints, Africa, 2018–2022
3. Desalination Market: Revenue Forecast by Region, Africa, 2014–2022
4. Desalination Market: Procurement and Contracting Models, Africa, 2018
5. Desalination Market: Company Market Share Analysis of Top 5 Participants, Africa, 2017
6. Desalination Market: Competitive Structure, Africa, 2017
7. Desalination Market: Regional Market Parameters, North Africa, 2017
8. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants, North Africa, 2018
9. Desalination Market: Regional Market Parameters, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017
10. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018
11. Desalination Market: Regional Market Parameters, South Africa, 2017
12. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants, South Africa, 2018

1. Desalination Market: Revenue Forecast, Africa, 2014–2022
2. Desalination Market: Percent Revenue Share Forecast by Region, Africa, 2014–2022
3. Desalination Market: Desalination Installations by Country, Africa, 2018
4. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants by Region, Africa, 2018
5. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Capacity by Region, Africa, 2018
6. Desalination Market: Desalination Plants by Technology, Africa, 2018
7. Desalination Market: Operational Cost Breakdown of Typical Desalination Plants, Africa, 2018
8. Desalination Market: OPEX Verses CAPEX for Typical Desalination Plants, Africa, 2018
9. Desalination Market: Percent Share of Plant Capacities in Terms of Contracts, Africa, 2017
10. Desalination Market: Revenue Forecast, North Africa, 2014–2022
11. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants by Technology, North Africa, 2018
12. Desalination Market: Revenue Forecast, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014–2022
13. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants by Technology, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018
14. Desalination Market: Revenue Forecast, South Africa, 2014–2022
15. Desalination Market: Online Desalination Plants by Technology, South Africa, 2018

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