This issue of Microelectronics TOE covers recent developments in transistors, micro displays, and photodiodes. Innovations profiled include ultra-fast bi-state laser transistors by the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, compact and highly secure OLED micro displays by Fraunhofer, robust diamond transistors for high power applications by the National Institute for Materials Sciences, transistors for performing complex operations similar to neurons by the Federal University of São Carlos, and fast and efficient silicon photodiodes by the University of Oxford.
The Microelectronics TechVision Opportunity Engine (TOE) captures global electronics-related innovations and developments on a weekly basis. Developments are centred on electronics attributed by low power and cost, smaller size, better viewing, display and interface facilities, wireless connectivity, higher memory capacity, flexibility and wearables. Research focus themes include small footprint lightweight devices (CNTs, graphene), smart monitoring and control (touch and haptics), energy efficiency (LEDs, OLEDs, power and thermal management, energy harvesting), and high speed and improved conductivity devices (SiC, GaN, GaAs).
Miniaturization, a move toward lower power consumption, and the need for enhanced features are driving innovations in the electronics sector. Technology focus areas include semiconductor manufacturing and design, flexible electronics, 3D integration/IC, MEMS and NEMS, solid state lighting, advanced displays, nanoelectronics, wearable electronics, brain computer interface, advanced displays, near field communication, and next generation data storage or memory.
Keywords: Silicon photodiodes, diamond transistors, micro displays, laser transistors