Money Down the Drain

Money Down the Drain

An Overview of Non-revenue Water Costs and Opportunities in South Africa and Mozambique

RELEASE DATE
30-Sep-2016
REGION
Africa
Research Code: MC05-01-00-00-00
SKU: EN00940-AF-MR_19080

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Description

The African continent faces a growing battle for achieving adequate and safe access to power and potable water. Without addressing the need for power and water, Africa will not achieve its true growth potential as the “world’s last growth frontier”. Macro-economic forces such as climate change, growing populations, increasing urbanisation rates and deteriorating existing water infrastructure, are all encouraging local governments to shift towards Non-revenue water (NRW) reduction strategies. In collaboration, Frost & Sullivan and SIWI, conducted an “Analysis of the Investment Opportunities for Non-Revenue Water in South Africa and Mozambique”, with a more detailed assessment of two select municipalities per country. Using historic (2010) up to present day (2016) figures, a thorough understanding of the nature and size of the NRW problem, the size of the opportunity (both private and public sector), and the relative governance bottlenecks were identified.

Table of Contents

Scope of the Analysis

  • Product Segment Scope
  • Supply Chain Scope
  • Analysed Geographic Scope

Strategic Implications of the Study

Suitability of the Project

Approach/Methodology of the Study

Problem Statement

Conclusions

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Municipality Overview

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Water Accessibility/Penetration

Water Consumption per Capita

Non-revenue Water (NRW)

Component/Category-wise Split for NRW

Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems

Water Tariff Analysis and Trends

Municipality Overview

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Water Accessibility/Penetration

Water Consumption per Capita

Non-revenue Water (NRW)

Component/Category-wise Split for NRW

Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems

Water Tariff Analysis and Trends

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Municipality Overview

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Water Accessibility/Penetration

Water Consumption per Capita

Non-revenue Water (NRW)

Component/Category-wise Split for NRW

Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems

Water Tariff Analysis and Trends

Economic Losses Associated with NRW (Energy, Chemical, etc. Lost per m3 of Water Lost)

Municipality Overview

Water Supply-Demand Analysis

Water Accessibility/Penetration

Water Consumption Per Capita

Non-revenue Water (NRW)

Component/Category-wise Split for NRW

Water Tariff Analysis and Trends

Economic Losses Associated with NRW (Energy, Chemical, etc. Lost per m3 of Water Lost)

Overview of the Institutional Landscape

Incentives to Reduce NRW

Institutional Barriers and Opportunities

Tariffs

Experience with Private Sector Engagement (Water Supply Concessions and Lease Contracts)

Legal Systems

Vested Interests

Economies of Scale

Capacity for Infrastructure Planning and Procurement

Transparent Budgeting and Financial Reporting

Summary of NRW Governance Bottlenecks and Opportunities

Opportunity Analysis

Legal Disclaimer

The Frost & Sullivan Story

List of Figures
  • 1. Identified Quick Facts in Select Municipalities, South Africa and Mozambique, 2015
  • 2. Supply vs. Demand Analysis for Water, South Africa, 2015
  • 3. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Population, South Africa, 2012–2018
  • 4. Provincial Breakdown of Population, Population Percentage Split, GDP Percentage Split, and GDP per Capita, South Africa, 2015
  • 5. Annual Expenditure on Water Purchase—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2014–2016
  • 6. Water Accessibility/Penetration—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 7. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2015–2016
  • 8. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 9. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2015–2016
  • 10. Supply vs. Demand Analysis for Water, Mozambique, 2015
  • 11. Annual GDP and Population, Mozambique, 2012–2018
  • 12. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 13. Water Consumption per Capita—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 14. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2014
  • 15. Evolution of Water Tariffs (Average)—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2003–2014
  • 16. Municipal Authority’s Earnings through Provision of Water Services—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010-2013
  • 17. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 18. Evolution of Water Tariffs (Average)—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2003–2014
  • 19. Municipal Authority’s Earnings through the Provision of Water Services—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
List of Charts
  • 1. Population Progression—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, June 2010–June 2013
  • 2. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–201
  • 3. Comparison of System Input Volume, Authorised Unit Consumption, and Water Loss—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 4. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 5. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2013
  • 6. Population Progression—City of Tshwane, South Africa, June 2010–June 2013
  • 7. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 8. Comparison of System Input Volume, Authorised Unit Consumption, and Water Loss—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 9. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012
  • 10. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2013
  • 11. Population Progression—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 12. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 13. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 14. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2013-14
  • 15. Population Progression—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 16. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 17. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013
  • 18. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)–City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2013
  • 19. Water Service and NRW Scenario in Municipalities, South Africa and Mozambique, 2013-14
Related Research
The African continent faces a growing battle for achieving adequate and safe access to power and potable water. Without addressing the need for power and water, Africa will not achieve its true growth potential as the “world’s last growth frontier”. Macro-economic forces such as climate change, growing populations, increasing urbanisation rates and deteriorating existing water infrastructure, are all encouraging local governments to shift towards Non-revenue water (NRW) reduction strategies. In collaboration, Frost & Sullivan and SIWI, conducted an “Analysis of the Investment Opportunities for Non-Revenue Water in South Africa and Mozambique”, with a more detailed assessment of two select municipalities per country. Using historic (2010) up to present day (2016) figures, a thorough understanding of the nature and size of the NRW problem, the size of the opportunity (both private and public sector), and the relative governance bottlenecks were identified.
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Table of Contents | Executive Summary~ || Scope of the Analysis~ ||| Product Segment Scope~ ||| Supply Chain Scope~ ||| Analysed Geographic Scope~ || Strategic Implications of the Study~ || Suitability of the Project~ || Approach/Methodology of the Study~ || Problem Statement~ || Conclusions~ | Country Analysis: South Africa~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ | Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality (Port Elizabeth), South Africa~ || Municipality Overview~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ || Water Accessibility/Penetration~ || Water Consumption per Capita~ || Non-revenue Water (NRW)~ || Component/Category-wise Split for NRW~ || Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems~ || Water Tariff Analysis and Trends~ | City of Tshwane (Pretoria), South Africa~ || Municipality Overview~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ || Water Accessibility/Penetration~ || Water Consumption per Capita~ || Non-revenue Water (NRW)~ || Component/Category-wise Split for NRW~ || Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems~ || Water Tariff Analysis and Trends~ | Country Analysis: Mozambique~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ | City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique~ || Municipality Overview~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ || Water Accessibility/Penetration~ || Water Consumption per Capita~ || Non-revenue Water (NRW)~ || Component/Category-wise Split for NRW~ || Value of Revenue Losses due to Accounting and Billing Problems~ || Water Tariff Analysis and Trends~ || Economic Losses Associated with NRW (Energy, Chemical, etc. Lost per m3 of Water Lost)~ | City of Beira, Mozambique~ || Municipality Overview~ || Water Supply-Demand Analysis~ || Water Accessibility/Penetration~ || Water Consumption Per Capita~ || Non-revenue Water (NRW)~ || Component/Category-wise Split for NRW~ || Water Tariff Analysis and Trends~ || Economic Losses Associated with NRW (Energy, Chemical, etc. Lost per m3 of Water Lost)~ | NRW Governance Bottlenecks and Opportunities: South Africa and Mozambique~ | South Africa~ || Overview of the Institutional Landscape~ || Incentives to Reduce NRW~ ||| Water Security Incentives~ ||| Financial Sustainability Incentives~ ||| The Origins of the Current Asset Management Financing and Practice in South Africa~ | Cross-country Analysis~ || Institutional Barriers and Opportunities~ || Tariffs~ || Experience with Private Sector Engagement (Water Supply Concessions and Lease Contracts)~ || Legal Systems~ || Vested Interests~ || Economies of Scale~ || Capacity for Infrastructure Planning and Procurement~ || Transparent Budgeting and Financial Reporting~ || Summary of NRW Governance Bottlenecks and Opportunities~ | Opportunity Analysis: South Africa and Mozambique~ || Opportunity Analysis~ ||| Overview of Opportunities in Non-revenue Water (NRW): A Regional Perspective~ ||| Opportunity Analysis for the Water Value Chain, South Africa, 2013-14~ ||| Opportunity Analysis for the Water Value Chain, Mozambique, 2013-14~ || Legal Disclaimer~ || The Frost & Sullivan Story~
List of Charts and Figures 1. Identified Quick Facts in Select Municipalities, South Africa and Mozambique, 2015~ 2. Supply vs. Demand Analysis for Water, South Africa, 2015~ 3. Annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Population, South Africa, 2012–2018~ 4. Provincial Breakdown of Population, Population Percentage Split, GDP Percentage Split, and GDP per Capita, South Africa, 2015~ 5. Annual Expenditure on Water Purchase—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2014–2016~ 6. Water Accessibility/Penetration—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 7. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2015–2016~ 8. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 9. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2015–2016~ 10. Supply vs. Demand Analysis for Water, Mozambique, 2015~ 11. Annual GDP and Population, Mozambique, 2012–2018~ 12. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 13. Water Consumption per Capita—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 14. Water Tariff Analysis and Trends—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2014~ 15. Evolution of Water Tariffs (Average)—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2003–2014~ 16. Municipal Authority’s Earnings through Provision of Water Services—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010-2013~ 17. Water Accessibility/Penetration—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 18. Evolution of Water Tariffs (Average)—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2003–2014~ 19. Municipal Authority’s Earnings through the Provision of Water Services—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~| 1. Population Progression—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, June 2010–June 2013~ 2. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–201~ 3. Comparison of System Input Volume, Authorised Unit Consumption, and Water Loss—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 4. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 5. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, 2013~ 6. Population Progression—City of Tshwane, South Africa, June 2010–June 2013~ 7. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 8. Comparison of System Input Volume, Authorised Unit Consumption, and Water Loss—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 9. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2010–2012~ 10. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—City of Tshwane, South Africa, 2013~ 11. Population Progression—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 12. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 13. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 14. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)—City of Maputo Municipality, Mozambique, 2013-14~ 15. Population Progression—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 16. System Input Volume vs. Water Demand—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 17. Revenue Water vs. Non-revenue Water—City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2010–2013~ 18. IWA Water Balance (Million KL)–City of Beira Municipality, Mozambique, 2013~ 19. Water Service and NRW Scenario in Municipalities, South Africa and Mozambique, 2013-14~
Author Neeraj Sanjay Mense
Industries Environment
WIP Number MC05-01-00-00-00
Keyword 1 Overview of Non-revenue Water Costs
Keyword 2 Non-Revenue Water costs in South Africa
Keyword 3 Non-Revenue Water costs in Mozambique
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