Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018

Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018

Opportunities Arising from LNG Export and Local Gas-to-Power Projects will Fuel Growth

RELEASE DATE
14-Mar-2018
REGION
Africa
Research Code: MDCD-01-00-00-00
SKU: EG01866-AF-MR_21632

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Description

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) offers tremendous potential for exploration, production, and utilisation of natural gas reserves. The region is set to be a hub for natural gas production and export with market potential in Asia-Pacific and Europe. In addition to LNG and pipeline exports, use of gas for power generation and domestic energy demands will drive the investment in natural gas infrastructure across economies. However, the lack of suitable infrastructure, uncertain regulatory policies, and lack of long-term gas monetisation plans and local expertise prove major roadblocks to realisation of the true potential that local natural gas reserves have to offer for regional socio-economic development. It will be imperative for local governments to modify regulatory and fiscal policies such that they boost investor confidence in addition to meeting local socio-economic development objectives. The study covers the current status of natural gas infrastructure in SSA, with focus on exploration, production, and consumption activities across major natural gas economies on the continent. This research study also tracks future investment opportunities for market participants in the overall gas value chain along with the key factors and challenges that will determine the extent of investment in the respective economies. Natural gas economies across Sub-Saharan are yet to realise the complete potential of their gas reserves. This provides an opportunity for global companies with sector expertise to provide services and solutions that can enable major gas economies in SSA achieve sustainable social and economic development through use of gas as an alternative source of energy and source of electric power generation. The region lacks expertise in the sector which can be overcome through international collaboration and implementation of industry best practices. Access to electricity and per capita electricity consumption has been on the lower end of the spectrum when compared to global standards, an aspect which can be addressed through utilisation of local gas reserves across the continent. Project delays and high investments in natural gas export and transportation infrastructure have shifted focus towards local utilisation of gas resources for the short term. With growing contribution of renewable energy-based distributed generation, governments and public power utilities are now relying on gas-based power generation to meet daily power requirements across consumer categories with an aim to improving electricity access and stimulating industrial and economic development. Growing demand for energy diversification within South Africa is anticipated to drive investments in shale gas exploration as well as gas transmission infrastructure for domestic utilisation across residential, industrial, and power generation. Mozambique and Tanzania are likely to witness strong competition and investment in gas export and LNG infrastructure as each vie for priority commercialisation and marketing of their available reserves.

RESEARCH: INFOGRAPHIC

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Table of Contents

Key Findings

Definitions

Introduction

What is Natural Gas

Natural Gas Application

Natural Gas Industry Overview

Natural Gas Trade

Discovered Natural Gas Reserves and Resources in SSA

The Major Five Nations

The Minor Ten Nations

Overview of the Gas Infrastructure Opportunities

West, East, and Southern Africa Gas Hubs

South Africa—Power and Gas Sector Overview

South Africa—Current Gas Infrastructure

South Africa—Unconventional Shale Gas

South Africa—Unconventional CBM and Biogenic Gas

South Africa—Market Participants

South Africa—Market Participants, Offshore Explorers

South Africa—Future Gas Infrastructure

Future Opportunity

Tanzania—Power and Gas Sector Overview

Tanzania Resources

Tanzania—Gas Resources

Tanzania—Market Participants

Tanzania—Current Gas Infrastructure

Tanzania—Future Gas Infrastructure

Future Opportunity

Mozambique—Power and Gas Sector Overview

Mozambique Gas Resources

Mozambique—Market Participants

Mozambique—Current Gas Infrastructure

Mozambique—Future Gas Infrastructure

Future Opportunity

Angola—Power and Gas Sector Overview

Angola Gas Resources

Angola—Market Participants

Angola—Current Gas Infrastructure

Angola—Future Gas Infrastructure

Future Opportunity

Nigeria—Power and Gas Sector Overview

Nigeria Gas Resources

Nigeria—Market Participants

Nigeria—Current Gas Infrastructure

Nigeria—Current Gas Infrastructure (Power Generation)

Nigeria—Future Gas Infrastructure

Nigeria—Opportunities

Equatorial Guinea—Power and Gas Sector Overview

Equatorial Guinea Resources

Equatorial Guinea—Current Gas Infrastructure and Market Participants

Equatorial Guinea—Future Gas Infrastructure

Future Opportunity

Growth Opportunity 1—Natural Gas Value Chain

Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth

The Last Word—3 Big Predictions

Legal Disclaimer

List of Exhibits

List of Figures
  • 1. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves, SSA, 2014
  • 2. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves in the Major Five Nations, SSA, 2018
  • 3. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves in the Major Five Nations, SSA, 2018
  • 4. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Key Market Drivers, SSA, 2019–2024
  • 5. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Key Market Restraints, SSA, 2019–2024
  • 6. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Potentially Convertible Gas Power Plants, South Africa, 2018
  • 7. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Tanzania, 2018
  • 8. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: List of Current Oil Companies Operating, Tanzania, 2018
  • 9. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Tanzania, 2018
  • 10. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018
  • 11. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018
  • 12. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Tanzania, 2018
  • 13. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Mozambique, 2018
  • 14. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018
  • 15. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018
  • 16. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Mozambique, 2018
  • 17. Estimated Future Installed Generation Capacity, Angola, 2025
  • 18. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Angola, 2018
  • 19. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Angola, 2018
  • 20. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Nigeria, 2018
  • 21. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Power Plants, Nigeria, 2018
  • 22. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Development in Natural Gas Exploration, Nigeria, 2018
  • 23. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Equatorial Guinea, 2018
List of Charts
  • 1. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Types of Natural Gas Extraction, SSA, 2018
  • 2. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Natural Gas Application, SSA, 2018
  • 3. Global Piped Gas and LNG Trade, South Africa, 2016
  • 4. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Production and Consumption of Natural Gas over 20 Years, Global, 1994–2014
  • 5. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves, SSA, 2014
  • 6. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Total Gas Discovered, SSA, 2017
  • 7. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Major Five Nations, 2018
  • 8. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Minor Ten Nations, SSA, 2018
  • 9. Highest Opportunity for O&G Infrastructure, SSA, 2018
  • 10. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Overall Market Opportunity, SSA, 2018
  • 11. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Projection of the Potential Natural Gas Demand, SSA, 2017
  • 12. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: New Build Options by 2050, South Africa, 2018
  • 13. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Pipeline, South Africa, 2018
  • 14. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Study Area for Shale Gas, South Africa, 2018
  • 15. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Study Area for CBM and Biogenic Gas, South Africa, 2018
  • 16. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Refineries, South Africa, 2018
  • 17. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Oil and Gas Companies, South Africa, 2018
  • 18. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Offshore Explorers, South Africa, 2018
  • 19. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Sites for the LNG GtP Programme, South Africa, 2018
  • 20. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Tanzania, 2018
  • 21. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Areas Majority of Proven Reserves, Tanzania, 2018
  • 22. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Concession Blocks of Natural Gas, Tanzania, 2018
  • 23. Locations of Current Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018
  • 24. Locations of Future Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018
  • 25. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Mozambique, 2018
  • 26. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Licensing Round 5, Mozambique, 2018
  • 27. Locations of Existing Power Stations, Mozambique, 2018
  • 28. Locations of Future Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018
  • 29. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Angola, 2018
  • 30. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Nigeria, 2018
  • 31. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Exploration Blocks, Nigeria, 2018
  • 32. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Supply Infrastructure, Nigeria, 2018
  • 33. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Proposed Nigeria–Morocco Gas Pipeline Project, Nigeria, 2018
  • 34. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Equatorial Guinea, 2018
  • 35. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Punta Europa Gas Complex with LNG and LPG Processing, Equatorial Guinea, 2018
  • 36. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Block R Exploration Activity, Equatorial Guinea, 2018
Related Research
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) offers tremendous potential for exploration, production, and utilisation of natural gas reserves. The region is set to be a hub for natural gas production and export with market potential in Asia-Pacific and Europe. In addition to LNG and pipeline exports, use of gas for power generation and domestic energy demands will drive the investment in natural gas infrastructure across economies. However, the lack of suitable infrastructure, uncertain regulatory policies, and lack of long-term gas monetisation plans and local expertise prove major roadblocks to realisation of the true potential that local natural gas reserves have to offer for regional socio-economic development. It will be imperative for local governments to modify regulatory and fiscal policies such that they boost investor confidence in addition to meeting local socio-economic development objectives. The study covers the current status of natural gas infrastructure in SSA, with focus on exploration, production, and consumption activities across major natural gas economies on the continent. This research study also tracks future investment opportunities for market participants in the overall gas value chain along with the key factors and challenges that will determine the extent of investment in the respective economies. Natural gas economies across Sub-Saharan are yet to realise the complete potential of their gas reserves. This provides an opportunity for global companies with sector expertise to provide services and solutions that can enable major gas economies in SSA achieve sustainable social and economic development through use of gas as an alternative source of energy and source of electric power generation. The region lacks expertise in the sector which can be overcome through international collaboration and implementation of industry best practices. Access to electricity and per capita electricity consumption has been on the lower end of the spectrum when compared to globa
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Table of Contents | Executive Summary~ || Key Findings~ | Natural Gas Global Overview~ || Definitions~ || Introduction~ || What is Natural Gas~ || Natural Gas Application~ || Natural Gas Industry Overview~ || Natural Gas Trade~ | Natural Gas in SSA~ || Discovered Natural Gas Reserves and Resources in SSA~ || The Major Five Nations~ || The Minor Ten Nations~ | Gas Infrastructure Opportunities in SSA~ || Overview of the Gas Infrastructure Opportunities~ || West, East, and Southern Africa Gas Hubs~ | Drivers and Restraints of Natural Gas Demand in SSA~ || Drivers~ || Restraints~ | Southern African Hub~ || South Africa—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || South Africa—Current Gas Infrastructure~ || South Africa—Unconventional Shale Gas~ || South Africa—Unconventional CBM and Biogenic Gas~ || South Africa—Market Participants~ || South Africa—Market Participants, Offshore Explorers~ || South Africa—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Future Opportunity~ | Eastern Africa Hub~ || Tanzania—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || Tanzania Resources~ || Tanzania—Gas Resources~ || Tanzania—Market Participants~ || Tanzania—Current Gas Infrastructure~ || Tanzania—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Future Opportunity~ || Mozambique—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || Mozambique Gas Resources~ || Mozambique—Market Participants~ || Mozambique—Current Gas Infrastructure~ || Mozambique—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Future Opportunity~ | Western Africa Hub~ || Angola—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || Angola Gas Resources~ || Angola—Market Participants~ || Angola—Current Gas Infrastructure~ || Angola—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Future Opportunity~ || Nigeria—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || Nigeria Gas Resources~ || Nigeria—Market Participants~ || Nigeria—Current Gas Infrastructure~ || Nigeria—Current Gas Infrastructure (Power Generation)~ || Nigeria—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Nigeria—Opportunities~ || Equatorial Guinea—Power and Gas Sector Overview~ || Equatorial Guinea Resources~ || Equatorial Guinea—Current Gas Infrastructure and Market Participants~ || Equatorial Guinea—Future Gas Infrastructure~ || Future Opportunity~ | Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action~ || Growth Opportunity 1—Natural Gas Value Chain~ || Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth~ | The Last Word~ || The Last Word—3 Big Predictions~ || Legal Disclaimer~ | Appendix~ || List of Exhibits~ | The Frost & Sullivan Story~
List of Charts and Figures 1. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves, SSA, 2014 ~ 2. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves in the Major Five Nations, SSA, 2018~ 3. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves in the Major Five Nations, SSA, 2018~ 4. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Key Market Drivers, SSA, 2019–2024~ 5. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Key Market Restraints, SSA, 2019–2024~ 6. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Potentially Convertible Gas Power Plants, South Africa, 2018~ 7. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Tanzania, 2018 ~ 8. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: List of Current Oil Companies Operating, Tanzania, 2018~ 9. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Tanzania, 2018~ 10. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018~ 11. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018~ 12. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Tanzania, 2018~ 13. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Mozambique, 2018 ~ 14. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018~ 15. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018~ 16. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Processing Plants or Distribution Projects, Mozambique, 2018~ 17. Estimated Future Installed Generation Capacity, Angola, 2025~ 18. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Angola, 2018 ~ 19. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Gas Power Plants, Angola, 2018~ 20. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Nigeria, 2018~ 21. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Power Plants, Nigeria, 2018~ 22. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Future Development in Natural Gas Exploration, Nigeria, 2018~ 23. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Export Commitments, Equatorial Guinea, 2018~| 1. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Types of Natural Gas Extraction, SSA, 2018~ 2. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Natural Gas Application, SSA, 2018~ 3. Global Piped Gas and LNG Trade, South Africa, 2016~ 4. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Production and Consumption of Natural Gas over 20 Years, Global, 1994–2014~ 5. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Reserves, SSA, 2014~ 6. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Total Gas Discovered, SSA, 2017~ 7. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Major Five Nations, 2018~ 8. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Minor Ten Nations, SSA, 2018~ 9. Highest Opportunity for O&G Infrastructure, SSA, 2018~ 10. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Overall Market Opportunity, SSA, 2018~ 11. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Projection of the Potential Natural Gas Demand, SSA, 2017~ 12. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: New Build Options by 2050, South Africa, 2018~ 13. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Gas Pipeline, South Africa, 2018~ 14. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Study Area for Shale Gas, South Africa, 2018~ 15. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Study Area for CBM and Biogenic Gas, South Africa, 2018~ 16. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Refineries, South Africa, 2018~ 17. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Existing Oil and Gas Companies, South Africa, 2018~ 18. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Offshore Explorers, South Africa, 2018~ 19. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Sites for the LNG GtP Programme, South Africa, 2018~ 20. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Tanzania, 2018~ 21. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Two Areas Majority of Proven Reserves, Tanzania, 2018~ 22. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Concession Blocks of Natural Gas, Tanzania, 2018~ 23. Locations of Current Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018~ 24. Locations of Future Gas Power Plants, Tanzania, 2018~ 25. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Mozambique, 2018~ 26. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Licensing Round 5, Mozambique, 2018~ 27. Locations of Existing Power Stations, Mozambique, 2018~ 28. Locations of Future Gas Power Plants, Mozambique, 2018~ 29. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Angola, 2018~ 30. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Nigeria, 2018~ 31. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Exploration Blocks, Nigeria, 2018~ 32. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Gas Supply Infrastructure, Nigeria, 2018~ 33. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Proposed Nigeria–Morocco Gas Pipeline Project, Nigeria, 2018~ 34. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Current Primary Energy Mix, Equatorial Guinea, 2018~ 35. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Punta Europa Gas Complex with LNG and LPG Processing, Equatorial Guinea, 2018~ 36. Natural Gas Infrastructure and Opportunities: Block R Exploration Activity, Equatorial Guinea, 2018~
Author Neeraj Sanjay Mense
Industries Energy
WIP Number MDCD-01-00-00-00
Is Prebook No
GPS Codes 9301-A4,9597,9824-A7,9851,9852,9A33,9B00-A4