OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter (PM) Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines, 2017–2022

In-cylinder Optimizations With Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) to Play a Key Role for OEMs to Achieve the Long-term Goal of PM Reduction

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The aim of this study is to research, analyze, and represent the particulate emission control strategies of key global OEMs for powertrain technologies in vehicles with direct injected gasoline engines. The prime objectives of this study are:
•     Providing a strategic overview of the European and North American powertrain approaches for PM emission reduction;
•     Discussing the role of combustion optimization technologies, fuel system changes, particulate filters, and other technologies for PM reduction and their relative significance at different OEMs;
•     Listing key technology trends, market drivers, restraints, and challenges for PM reduction systems covered as part of this study; emphasizing the effectiveness of these systems as an emission reduction technology, discussing the suitability of these under different applications;
•     Profiling OEMs, including their PM control approaches for GDI engines in the current and future portfolio, technology preferences, technology, and development strategies.

The PM reduction target for OEMs will get more stringent with stronger air quality control measures and testing procedures. An analysis of the technology adoption roadmaps of major OEMs reveals that manufacturers such as PSA, Renault-Nissan, Toyota, and Ford are likely to meet their targets, whereas other OEMs such as Daimler, BMW, and Hyundai will have to expand their strategies to meet these norms. In-cylinder optimization includes modifications of fuel systems, software improvements, as well as fuel composition. Major OEMs—BMW, Ford, Honda, Nissan, and Daimler are adopting in-cylinder optimization in parallel with exhaust treatments to reduce PM emissions. Changing from New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) to Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) is currently a big hurdle for OEMs to attain reduced emissions and enhanced performance. WLTP test cycles would begin to phase in into the automotive market and OEMs will look to implement cheaper and innovative technologies that would help the use of WLTP cycles.

Key Issues Addressed

  • What are the various technological strategies being pursued for PM reduction in GDI engines?
  • What impact do the newer emission regulations have on the future of powertrain technologies?
  • How will these technologies penetrate different segments in key global OEM line-ups for Europe and North America?
  • What are the advantages and considerations (e.g., cost of system, integration issues, PM emission levels and efficiency gain) that OEMs weigh before adopting PM emission control systems?
  • What are the PM reduction strategies of key OEMs in Europe and North America and what are their preferred technologies?
  • What are the pertinent indices to measure the performance of these systems?
  • How will these systems evolve over the coming years to meet future regulations? 

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Key Findings
Global Schedule for Implementation of Emission Regulations
Comparative Analysis of OEMs Strategies
Key Regional Highlights and Outlook
Market Engineering Measurements
Strategy for PN Reduction
2. Introduction—Background, Scope, Methodology, Objectives
Research Scope
Research Aims and Objectives
Research Methodology
Key OEM/Participant Groups Compared in This Study
Background
Roadmap of Key Gasoline Technologies for Euro Emission Compliance
3. Particulate Emission Control Strategies
Market Engineering Measurements
Strategies for PM Reduction—Fuel Systems
Strategies for PM Reduction—Turbocharging
Strategies for PM Reduction—HCCI
Strategies for PM Reduction—Matching Spray Pattern to Combustion Chamber
Strategies for PM Reduction—Gasoline Particulate Filter
Strategies for PM Reduction—Software Improvements
Strategies for PM Reduction—Engine Retrofitting
Strategies for PM Reduction—Fuel Composition
Strategies for PM Reduction—Dual Injection System
OEM Global Trends
4. North America and Europe—Turbocharged GDI Engine Market Share
Europe and North America—GPF Forecast by Region
Europe and North America—GPF Forecast for OEMS
Global Adoption and Research on HCCI Engines
5. OEM Profiles
Volkswagen Group
BMW Group
PSA Group
Ford Group
Honda Group
Renault Nissan Group
Daimler Group
Hyundai- Kia Group
FCA Group
Toyota Group
General Motors Group
6. Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
Growth Opportunity
Strategic Imperatives for PM Emission Control
7. Conclusion
Key Conclusions and Future Outlook
Legal Disclaimer
8. Appendix
Expansion of Abbreviations

Infographic



List of Figures & Charts

1. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Comparative Analysis of OEMs Strategies, Europe and North America, 2022
2. Turbocharged GDI Engine Market: Market Engineering Measurements, North America and Europe, 2017
3. HCCI Engine Market: Market Engineering Measurements, North America and Europe, 2017
4. GPF Market: Market Engineering Measurements, North America and Europe, 2017
5. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Advantages of Spray Guided Fuel Injection, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
6. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Key Drivers of HCCI Engines, Europe and North America, 2018–2022
7. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Key Restraints of HCCI Engine, Europe and North America, 2018–2022
8. PM Control Strategies: HCCI Characteristics, Global, 2014
9. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: OEMs’ Present Condition, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
10. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: OEM present condition, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
11. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Market Share of GPF Equipped GDI Engine, Europe and North America, 2017
12. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Volkswagen, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
13. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: BMW, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
14. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: PSA, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
15. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Ford, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
16. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Honda, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
17. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Nissan, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
18. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Daimler, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
19. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Hyundai-kia, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
20. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: FCA, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
21. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Toyota, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
22. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: General Motors, Europe and North America, 2017–2022


1. Emission Legislation—Passenger Cars, Global, 2005–2025
2. Turbocharged GDI Engine Market: Market Engineering Measurements North America and Europe, 2017
3. HCCI Engine Market: Market Engineering Measurements North America and Europe, 2017
4. GPF Market: Market Engineering Measurements North America and Europe, 2017
5. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Roadmap of Key Powertrain Technologies for Emission Compliance, Europe, 2017–2022
6. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Market Share of GDI Turbocharged in All Gasoline Engines, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
7. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Comparison of Specific Emissions—SI and HCCI Engines, Europe and North America, 2016
8. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Product/System Segmentation, Europe and North America, 2017–2022
9. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Tailpipe Particulate Emissions, WLTP and NEDC Norms, Europe and North America, 2015
10. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Fuel Composition, Vehicle PM Emission, Europe and North America, 2016
11. OEM Strategies for Particulate Matter Emission Reduction in Direct Injection Gasoline Engines: Market Share of Turbocharged GDI Engine, Global, 2010–2022
12. GDI Engines in the Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
13. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
14. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
15. GDI Engines in the Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
16. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
17. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
18. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
19. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
20. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
21. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020
22. GDI Engines in Total Gasoline Product Portfolio, NA and Europe, 2017–2020



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