The deep ocean is the largest habitat for life on Earth as well as the precious minerals and metals that are unattainable and difficult to access with conventional mining or dredging technologies. Though the possibility of deep sea mining (DSM) has been known for several decades; the commercial activities only started from last three decades with companies are soon expected to start commercial scale mineral production from 2018. This rapidly emerging technology observed a lot of technology and strategic collaboration to strengthen the DSM technologies to enable the deep sea as the prime resource of many high value metals and minerals including gold, copper, nickel, and diamond.
The High-Tech Materials TechVision Opportunity Engine (TOE) provides intelligence on technologies, products, processes, applications, and strategic insights on various materials across industries. Some material technologies include lightweight materials, bio–based materials, ceramics, smart materials, fibers, nanomaterials, responsive materials, polymers, woven and non woven materials, polymers and plastics and packaging materials.
The Materials and Coatings cluster tracks research and innovation trends and developments across specialty chemicals, plastics, polymers, chemicals, bio-chemicals, metals, coatings, thinfilms, surface treatments, composites, alloys, oil and gas, fuel additives, fibers, and several other related technologies and its impact and application across industries.
Keywords: Deep sea mining (DSM), seafloor massive sulfide (SMS), polymeric nodule, offshore diamonds, polymetallic sulfides