Technologies Enabling the Virtual Power Plant

Virtual Power Plants will help urban infrastructure mitigate transmission congestion and peak demand issues

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Virtual PowerPlants(VPPs) are an aggregation of different distributed energy resources(DER), controlled to meet the demand and manage loads, especially during the peak hours. They solutions those make a VPP possible include, DERs, energy storage solutions and a control and aggregation solution. A Distributed energy resource management solution enables the aggregation of the DERs and controls them so that all the connected DERs can be operated and controlled as a single unit. It also helps in visualizing the operation of the DERs. However, in a VPP the visibility on the load side is also very important. This helps in determining the loading patterns and the actual demand scenario. Each of the enabling technology has an important role to play in a VPP. This study helps in identifying the technologies those form a VPP, why are they important, important projects related to VPP and the important stakeholders involved in developing solutions for VPP.

Table of Contents

1.0 Executive Summary1.1 Research Scope1.2 Research Process and Methodology1.3 Key Findings2.0 Overview of a Virtual Power Plant: What and Why2.1 Managing Peak Demand is One of the Major Reasons for Developing and Adopting VPPs2.2 Solar, Storage, and Control Solutions are the Key Solutions Used in VPPs2.3 Better Control over DERs in a VPP Help Optimize Performance2.4 Microgrids are Used for Remote Power Options and Can Be a Part of VPPs2.5 The Control of a VPP Can Be Centralized or Distributed3.0 Technologies Enabling VPP3.1 Microgeneration is a Major Technology for End-user VPPs3.1.1 Distributed Solar is the Most Important DER in the VPP Scenario3.1.2 Cost of Energy Storage Solutions is a Major Challenge that Has to Be Addressed3.1.3 Microgrids Can Be Used as an Aggregated DER Solution to Power VPPs3.1.4 Diesel Generators Market Has Been Facing Significant Growth as a DER Source3.2 Operational Efficiency and End User Participation are Vital for VPPs3.3 DERMs Platforms are the Brains Managing VPPs and their Performance3.4 Drivers and Restraints: Urbanization and Demand Management Driving the Growth of VPPs3.4.1 Drivers: End-user VPPs Can Help Mitigate Transmission Congestion and Losses Problems 3.4.2 Challenges: Developing Proper Regulations for Power Exchange and Export is a Major Challenge4.0 Key VPP Projects4.1 World’s Largest Solar Storage VPP4.2 VPP for Improving the Energy Reliability of New York5.0 Key Stakeholders5.1 Bosch Software Innovation GmbH: A software for the unification and management of DERS5.2 AutoGrid Inc. : Helps utilities balance the grid in real time, reduce peak load, integrate RES and deepen customer engagement5.3 Bule Pillar Inc. : The IoT platform that connects energy units with one network5.4 Next Kraftwerke GmbH: Manages one of the largest VPP in Europe with 3.2 GW of networked capacity5.5 Enbala Power Networks Inc. : More than 1000 DER units connected and controlled5.6 EnerNOC Collaborates with Utilities to enable DR programs5.7 Comverge Inc. : Distributed energy management via IoT in the offing5.8 LightBlick SE: Smart networking of DERs, Storage units and Loads5.9 Sunverge Energy Inc.: Cloud based platform for DER management5.10 Vcharge Inc.: Transactive load based VPP6.0 Growth Opportunities6.1 Growth Opportunity 1: Creation of Strong Regulations Will Help Business Models Such as Prosumerism6.2 Growth Opportunity 2: Participation of Industrial CHP Units Will Benefit all Types of VPPs7.0 Technology Analysis and Analyst Insights7.1 Solar and Gensets are More Advanced than Others7.2 Integration and Clean Energy Status are Important Parameters for Determining the Technology Adoption7.3 Solar is More Cost-effective Than Diesel Gensets by Close to 50% 7.4 Adopting Mixed Assets for Developing VPPs Can Help Improve Their Reliability7.5 Combining Different Resources and Improving Divergence Can Enable Better VPPs8.0 Key Contacts8.1 Key Industry Participant Contacts9.0 Key Patents9.1 Key Patents9.1 Key Patents (Continued)Legal Disclaimer




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