This edition of the Future Tech TOE focuses on third-generation solar sells. Third-generation solar cells are capable of overcoming the Shockley-Queisser limit of power efficiency that ranges from 31% to 41%. These cells primarily employ organic materials such as small molecules or polymers for their manufacture. A new category of thin film solar cells that are under extensive research are perovskite solar cells. These exhibit huge potential with efficiencies recorded beyond 20% for cells of smaller area. Organic polymer solar cells also offer benefits such as simple, inexpensive, large-scale production. Although the performance and stability of third-generation solar cells is still limited compared to first- and second-generation solar cells, they have greater potential for commercialization.
The Future Tech TechVision Opportunity Engine (TOE) captures emerging innovations in research and development, or profile existing technologies which have seen a resurgence in terms of new markets and applications. It usually provides a technology overview, drivers, challenges, research and development, analyst insights and key patent information. In some cases, technology convergence scenarios and future growth opportunities are outlined. It covers innovations and technologies in a variety of industry spaces including manufacturing, sensors, electronics, information and communications technologies, networks, lighting technologies, healthcare, medical devices, materials and coatings, and developments in the energy sector that contribute toward a sustainable and greener world.
The Sustainable Energy cluster provides global insights and intelligence on a wide variety of disruptive emerging technologies and platforms ranging from energy storage, advanced batteries, solar and wind energy, to unconventional oil, bioenergy, geothermal energy, and energy transmission.
Keywords: Polymer cells, organic photovoltaic cells, dye-sensitized, quantum dots