Identity management, strong authentication, and data protection generally appear as important security components for a government or an organization. The explosion of digital data and the need to control the access to digital services or networks have put public key infrastructure (PKI)-based service at the heart of the security environment. This analysis will answer the following questions for a global audience: Is PKI still relevant for authentication? What are the global trends? Can the PKI market be expected to grow? What could be the impact of cloud-based PKI as alternative solution?