Future of Europe

Impact of Mega Trends on Europe's Complex Business Environment

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Europe is bound by an enormous number of obsolete regulations and systems. New environmental, economic, social, and political developments and trends have challenged these systems, forcing Europe to re-think future strategies. The European Union has set 5 ambitious objectives, namely, employment, innovation, education, social inclusion, and climate/energy, which are to be reached by 2020. This presentation examines these developments, along with other exogenous factors or Mega Trends, that will transform the future of the continent over the next 10 years. It also provides an understanding of the inter-linkages of these Mega Trends and their implications for countries and industries on a macro level and for cities on a micro level.

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary
Top 10 Facts on the Future of Europe
Key Findings
Europe’s Internet Economy
Europe’s Digital Single Market
Current Issues
Proposed Solutions/Strategies
Europe’s 5G Rollout
5G Technology Roadmap, EU, 2015–2020
EU 5G Vision
4G versus 5G
5G Targets
AI Evolution
Human Brain versus Machines—Comparison of Learning
Europe will Move Closer to a Cashless Society by 2020
Europe’s Demographic Crisis—Declining Population Growth
Europe’s Demographic Future—Ageing Society
Future of Europe’s Economy—Global Prospective
Renaissance of Foreign Investment in Europe
Europe’s Manufacturing Dynamics—Shift towards the East
Europe’s Online Retail Landscape
Dominant Participants
Amazon
Otto Group
Tesco
Staples
Others
Building New Europe—Need for Infrastructure Investment
Europe’s Mega Cities
Europe’s Mega Regions
Europe’s Mega Corridors, 2025
Future Smart Cities of Europe,2025
Oslo
Amsterdam
London
Paris
Others
Traditional Carsharing Services Market in Europe—Country-wise Analysis
European Market—Country-wise Analysis of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Carsharing Members
European Energy Outlook—Future Energy Mix
Europe’s Renewable Energy Prospects
Upsurge of Healthcare Expenditure in Europe
Escalation of Digital Healthcare in Europe
2. Research methodology
Research Scope
Research Aims and Objectives
Research Background
Research Methodology
Definitions Used in the Study
3. Mega Trend 1—Digital Single Market
Highlights
Europe’s Digital Single Market
Europe’s Transformational Agenda for the Digital Age
Key Sectors
Energy
SME’s
Manufacturing
Healthcare
Others
Acceptance of Europe’s Digital Single Market in the Business Environment
Europe’s 5G Rollout- Roadmap and vision
Galileo—The European Navigation Satellite System
Mini Satellites—All Set to Transform Space Exploration
About Mini Satellites
EU Data Protection Regulations
Impact of the New EU Data Protection Law on Businesses
Connected Devices Drive in Europe—A Comparative Analysis
Connected Devices Drive in Europe—A Regional Analysis
Europe’s Internet Economy
Big Data in Europe
Big Data—Big Opportunities in Europe
Satellite Broadband in Europe
Aim for Widespread High-speed Broadband Connectivity
Digitising Industry Initiatives across Europe—An Overview
European Mobile Economy—Key Growth Areas
Open Internet—Net Neutrality
4. Mega Trend 2— Cognitive Era
Artificial Intelligence(AI)
Defining AI
Types of AI Systems
AI Evolution
Human Brain versus Machines
Comparison of Learning
Structure, Capacity, and Access
Human Brain, Computers, and Supercomputers—Computing Powers
Human brain
Intel Core2
Tianhe 2
Dissecting AI
Machine Learning
Hardware—High-speed Computing and Memory Storage
AI and Automation—Job Threat Mapping
AI-readiness of Industries
Future AI Hubs will Prioritise Innovation over Labour Costs
5. Mega Trend 3— Future of Fintech
Future of Banking—Highlights
Europe will be Moving Closer to a Cashless Society by 2020
Mobile Banking in Europe
Europe’s Online Alternative Finance Market
Fintech Renaissance in Europe
Digital Insurance in Europe
Banking without Banks—Peer-to-Peer Lending in Europe
Digitisation of Banking Services in Europe
Introduction to Blockchain
The M2M Ledger
Expected Evolution of the Distributed Ledger
Beyond Bitcoin—New Applications
Blockchain Application by Industries
6. Mega Trend 4— Social Trends
Highlights
Europe’s Demographic Crisis—Declining Population Growth
Europe’s Demographic Future—Ageing Society
Job Polarisation—AI is Disrupting the Middle Class
Technological Revolution versus Job Trends
Trends Driving Women’s Empowerment
100 Million More Women in the Global Labour Force by 2025
Economic Potential of European Women
Economic Potential of African Women
Roll Reversal in Europe
Women Leaders Dominate Europe’s Services Industries
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Today’s Refugee Crisis Could be an Opportunity for Tomorrow’s Ageing Europe
Millennial Leaders—Today’s Youth are Tomorrow's Leaders
Young Billionaires—The Game Changers
Diminishing Workforce in Germany
Skills Demand Must be Met through Domestic Educational Attainment
Case Study—Flipped Classroom (Khan Academy)
Future Workforce Learning will Adapt to Many Perspectives
7. Mega Trend 5— Economic Trends and Future of Trade
Future Economic Trends—Highlights
Future of Europe’s Economy—Global Prospective
Superpower of Europe—The United Kingdom or Germany?
Europe’s GDP—Sectorial Composition
EU Enlargement—Make Way for More
EU Referendum—The Brexit Scenario
EU Restructuring—Britain's Exit
Future of the Euro
Circular Economy—Building a New Europe
Europe Coalition—Dynamics of the Russia-China Alliance
Renaissance of Foreign Investment in Europe
Chinese Investments in Europe—Growing Partnership
Europe—The Largest Trading Power in the World
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
8. Mega Trend 6— Europe’s 4th Industrial Revolution
Top Transformational Shifts Shaping the Industrial Revolution in Europe
Future of Manufacturing in Europe—Made in Europe
Research and Innovation—Horizon 2020 Funding Structure
Manufacturing Dynamics of Europe—Shift towards the East
Poland—Next Growth Engine for European Manufacturing
Czech Republic—Future Hub of Automotive Production
European Manufacturing to Go Green
9. Mega Trend 7— Bricks and Clicks
Future Retail Trends—Highlights
Europe’s Online Retail Landscape
Online Activity of Enterprises in Key Economies
Online Activity of Enterprises in Key Economies—The United Kingdom
Businesses Buy, More than Sell, Online
Enterprise Use of Social Media
Types of B2B Relationships
Types of B2B Business Models
Single Firm-independent Model
Private Network—Case Study: Wal-Mart Retail Link
Industry Consortium—
Public Marketplaces—Industry-specific Case Study
Online Retail in Europe—Dominant Participants
United Kingdom—The Largest e-Commerce Nation in Europe
Online Retail Innovation—New Last-mile Innovations
Click and Collect—Driving More Revenue per Click
Online Retail Boosts the European Parcel Delivery Market
10. Mega Trend 8— Future of Infrastructure
Highlights
Building New Europe—Need for Infrastructure Investment
High-speed Europe—Future Prospects of European High-speed Rail
Single Transport Area
Airport Infrastructure Development in Europe
Growing Green
11. Mega Trend 9— Future of Europe’s Security
Highlights
The Future European Security Scenario
European Security Industry
Prospects of a Secure European Cyberspace
12. Mega Trend 10— Urbanisation Trends
Highlights
Main Trends in Urbanisation—Development of
Mega Cities in Europe
Mega Cities and Economic Impact
Mega Regions in Europe
Mega Corridors in Europe
Snapshot of Urban Opportunities, Europe, 2025
13. Mega Trend 11— Future of Smart Cities
Road to Smart Cities
Types of Smart City Projects in Europe
Future Smart Cities of Europe
Investment and Funding of Smart Cities in Europe
Funding Mechanism Case Study
Alternative Finance Models for Smart City Projects in Europe
Mega Trend 12— Innovating to Zero
Siemens to be Climate-neutral by 2030
14. Mega Trend 13— New Business Model
New Business Models’ 3-D Matrix
Key Variables of a Business Model
Business Models
Comparative Analysis of B2B and B2C Business Models
Europe Leads with Sharing Economy Models
Sharing Economy Ecosystem
B2B Sharing Economy is the Next Frontier
Key Global B2B Sharing Economy Growth Areas, Global, 2016
15. Mega Trend 14— Future of Mobility
Highlights
Most Preferred Sustainable Personal Transport Options in Europe
Traditional Carsharing Services Market in Europe—Country-wise Analysis
European Market—Country-wise Analysis of P2P Carsharing Members
Convergence in Carsharing, Europe, 2011
Key Findings and Future Outlook of the Carsharing Market in Europe, 2020
European Ridesharing Market
Ridesharing Segments in Europe
Impact of Ridesharing, Global, 2014
Case Study—BlaBlaCar Experiencing Strong Growth in Europe, 2014
Case Study—Flinc, World’s First Social Mobility Network
16. Mega Trend 15— Future of Energy
Highlights
Europe Energy Outlook—Future Energy Mix
Future Role of Coal in Energy Generation
Future Gas Production in Europe
Europe’s Renewable Energy Prospects
Europe Power Landscape—Capacity and Generation
Shift in Europe’s Power Generation—Fossil-fired to Renewables
Future Power Investments in Europe
North–South Corridor—Europe’s Energy Corridor
17. Mega Trend 16— Future of Healthcare
Future Trends in European Healthcare
Impact of Influx of Refugees on the European Health System
Upsurge of Healthcare Expenditure in Europe
Obesity Crisis in Europe
Escalation of Digital Healthcare in Europe
18. Future of Europe (In Summary)
The Global Game Changer, Europe,2025
Europe Could be a Single Market for Businesses
Fintech Revolution in Europe
Job Polarisation will Grow Stronger in Europe
Europe could be an Attractive Destination for Bitcoin Entrepreneurs
Future Clash of Data Policies—United States versus Europe
The Power of Crowd to Shape the European Economy
Dominance of Women in Corporate Leadership
Europe will Increasingly Focus on Renewable Energy
Europe will Enter the Cognitive Era in 2020
European Manufacturing will Move East
TTIP
19. Appendix
European Aerospace Market—Snapshot
SESAR—Modernising the European Sky
European Military Spending—Falling Short
Scope—Meaning and Definition of Internet Economy
20. The Frost & Sullivan Story-The Journey to Visionary Innovation

Infographic



List of Figures & Charts

1. Top 5 Countries by FDI Project, Europe, 2013 and 2014
2. Top Online Retailers, Europe, 2013 and 2014
3. Urbanisation Rate, Europe, 2025
4. Job Threat Mapping Due to Automation, UK, 2015–2035
5. Share of Cash Transactions in Retail, Europe, 2012, 2016, and 2020
6. Top 3 Peer-to-Peer Lending Market Participants, Global, 2014
7. Drivers to close
8. the labour gap by 2030 to attain at least a 2-3% GDP growth rate (2015-2030)
9. How can German overcome the diminishing working age crisis
10. Emerging Future Industries and their Required Skills, Global, 2025
11. Share of Industry Output for Export, Europe, 2014
12. Balance of UK Trade between EU and Non-EU Countries, Europe, 2014 (€ Million) TTIP Status in 2015
13. Share of Manufacturing in the GDP, Europe, 2014-2020
14. Future of Manufacturing: Research and Innovation—Horizon 2020 Funding Structure, Europe, 2015
15. Automotive Industry, Czech Republic, 2015
16. Top Online Retailers, Europe, 2013 and 2014
17. Major Airport Developments, Europe, 2015
18. Status of Cyber Security, Europe, 2015
19. Urbanisation Rate, Europe, 2025
20. Future Outlook of the Carsharing Market in Europe, 2020
21. Ridesharing: Overview of Blablacar, Europe, 2014
22. Ridesharing: Overview of Flinc, Europe, 2014 Europe in 2025


1. 5G Technology Roadmap, EU, 2015–2020
2. Economic Contribution of the Internet Industry, Europe, 2015 and 2025
3. Non-cash Transactions, Europe, 2012–2020
4. Payments Industry Revenue, Europe, 2010–2020
5. Share of Non-cash Transactions, Europe, 2010–2020
6. Total Population*, Europe, 2015–2025
7. Population CAGR by Region, Global, 2015–2025
8. Population by Age Group, Europe, 2015, 2020, and 2025
9. Nominal GDP, Europe, 2014–2025
10. Projected Share of GDP in Global GDP:
11. China, EU, US, 2014–2025
12. FDI Inflows, Europe, 2012–2014
13. FDI Inflows by Region, Global, 2012–2014
14. FDI Projects, Europe, 2012–2014
15. Factors Driving European Manufacturers to the East, Europe, 2015
16. Economic Growth, Eastern Europe,2015–2020
17. Labour Skill and Cost, Eastern Europe, 2015
18. Online B2C e-commerce Sales, Europe, 2025
19. Online B2C e-commerce Top Markets, Europe, 2025
20. Factors Driving European Manufacturers to the East, Europe, 2015
21. Infrastructure Investment
22. by Sector, Europe,2014–2030
23. Mega Cities, Europe, 2025
24. Mega Regions, Europe, 2025
25. Mega Corridors, Europe, 2025
26. Smart Cities, Europe, 2025
27. Car sharing Market: Overview of Car sharing Members, Europe, 2014–2020
28. Country-wise Analysis of P2P Car sharing Members, Europe, 2014–2020
29. Total Final Energy Consumption, Europe,2013, 2020, and 2015
30. Key Energy Consumers, Europe, 2025
31. Total Installed Capacity by Technology, Europe, 2012 and 2020
32. Renewable Energy Generation Target by Countries, Europe, 2013–2020
33. Healthcare Expenditure as a Per cent of the GDP, Top 16 Countries of Europe 2014–2025
34. Healthcare Expenditure by Segment as a Per cent of the Total Healthcare Expenditure, Europe, 2025 e-health Action Plan, EU, 2012–2020
35. e-health Action Plan, EU, 2012–2020
36. Average Number of Connected Devices Used per Person in Select Countries: Netherlands, UK, Canada, US, Germany, 2014
37. Comparison between the Median Monthly Cost of Internet Services to the Percentage of the Population who are Regular Internet Users, Top 10 EU Countries, 2014
38. Economic Contribution of the Internet Industry, Europe, 2015 and 2025
39. Big Data Application Market: Revenue Forecast, Europe, 2014–2025
40. People with Access to High-speed Internet (>30 Mbps) (%), EU, 2014 and 2020
41. Industry Initiatives towards Digitisation ,Europe, 2015
42. AI-readiness Mapping, Global, 2016
43. Manufacturing GDP Growth versus Future FDI, Select Economies, 2005–2015
44. Innovation Index, Select Economies, 2015
45. Non-cash Transactions, Europe, 2012–2020
46. Payments Industry Revenue, Europe, 2010–2020
47. Share of Non-cash Transactions, Europe, 2010–2020
48. % of Bank Customers Using Mobile Devices for Banking, Europe, 2014 and 2020
49. % Mobile Users Accessing Mobile Banking, Europe, 2014–2020
50. Alternative Finance Market Size and Growth Rate, Europe, 2012–2014
51. Value of Investment in Financial Technology in Fintech, Select European Regions, 2014
52. Real Growth In Insurance Premiums, Europe, 2014
53. Peer-to-Peer Lending Market Size, Global, 2014-2025
54. Total Population*, Europe, 2015–2025
55. Population CAGR by Region, Global, 2015–2025
56. Population by Age Group, Europe, 2015, 2020, and 2025
57. Job Polarisation due to Technology Revolutions, EU, 1983–2030
58. Labour Force Breakdown Projections for Women by Age and Region, Global, 2015 and 2025*
59. Women Labour Force, Europe, 2015 and 2025
60. Labour Force, Europe, 2025
61. Working Age Population, Europe, 2025
62. Average Growth Rate of Male and Female Part-time Workers, Europe*, 2009–2014
63. % of Women as Decision Makers by Industry, Global, 2014
64. Women Labour Force, Global, 2015–2025
65. Fertility Rate, Europe, 2015
66. Age Distribution of Billionaires, Europe, 2020
67. Labour Supply Forecast, Europe, 2015–2030
68. Educational Composition of Tertiary Students by Field of Study, Top 8 Economies*, Global, 2012
69. Nominal GDP, Europe, 2014–2025
70. Projected Share of GDP in Global GDP: China, EU, US, 2014–2025
71. Nominal GDP, Top 6 European Countries, 2025
72. Nominal GDP, UK and Germany, 2015–2030
73. Sectorial Composition of GDP, Europe, 2025
74. Employment Share of Services, Industry, and Agriculture,Europe, 2025
75. Geographical Expansion, Europe, 2000–2020
76. Forecast Impact of Brexit on UK GDP by 2030
77. Benefits of a Circular Economy, Europe, 2030
78. FDI Inflows, Europe, 2012–2014
79. FDI Inflows by Region, Global, 2012–2014
80. FDI Projects, Europe, 2012–2014
81. Top 5 Countries by FDI Project, Europe, 2013 and 2014
82. Chinese FDI Transactions, EU-28 Economies, 2007–2014
83. Top Sectors Involved in Chinese FDI, Europe, 2014
84. Top Recipients of Chinese FDI, Europe, 2014
85. Intra- and Inter-regional Merchandise Trade, Europe, 2014
86. Top 5 Trading Partners of the EU, 2014
87. Significance of Manufacturing for the Economy, EU, 2016–2020
88. Manufacturing in Eastern Europe-Key Trends and Macroeconomic Analysis, Europe, 2020
89. Economic Growth, EU and CEE & Baltics, 2010–2020
90. Real GDP Growth, Poland, (% Change YoY), 2011–2020
91. Manufacturing Value Added: By Industries, Poland, 2015
92. Automotive Industry, Czech Republic, 2015
93. Greenhouse Gas Emission, Europe, 1990–2025
94. Greenhouse Gas Emission by
95. Manufacturing Industry, Europe, 1990–2020
96. Online B2C e-commerce Sales, Europe, 2025
97. Online B2C e-commerce Top Markets, Europe, 2025
98. e-commerce Activity of Enterprises in Key Economies, Global, 2020
99. Estimates of B2B e-commerce, Global, 2020
100. B2B e-commerce, EU, 2012 and 2020
101. B2B e-commerce by Industry, EU, 2012
102. Enterprises selling and buying online or having a Website or home page, UK, 2012
103. Enterprises selling and buying online or having a Website or home page, EU-27, 2012
104. Per Cent Businesses Using Social Media, UK, 2012
105. Per Cent Businesses Using Social Media by Industry Sector, UK, 2012
106. B2B Direct Model Framework, Global, 2014
107. Siemens’ Click2Procure Process, Global, 2014
108. Exostar Consortium, Global, 2010
109. GHX Model, Global, 2014
110. Case Study of eBay Motors’ Marketplace Model, Global, 2014
111. Facts on Online Retail in the United Kingdom, 2015–2017
112. Click and Collect—Driving More Revenue per Click
113. Parcel Delivery Numbers, Europe, 2012–2025
114. Top Product Categories by Parcel Deliveries, Europe, 2025
115. Private funds available for
116. European infrastructure from 2014to 2023 Infrastructure investment need up to 2030 in Europe
117. Infrastructure Investment Sector, Europe,2014–2030
118. High-speed Railway Network, EU, 2020
119. Security Funding, Europe, 2015–2020
120. Investment in Security, Europe, 2016
121. Mega Cities, Europe, 2025
122. Mega Cities will have GDPs comparable to developed countries, 2025
123. Mega Regions, Europe, 2025
124. Mega Corridors, Europe, 2025
125. Urban Opportunities, Europe, 2025
126. Smart Cities, Europe, 2025
127. Popular Funding Mechanisms Adopted for Smart City Projects* across
Europe, 2014–2020
128. Smart City Market: Funding Mechanism Overview, Amsterdam, 2013
129. Siemens’ Aim of CO2 Neutrality,
130. Global, 2014–2025
131. Comparative Analysis of B2B and B2C, Global, 2014
132. Europe Leads with Sharing Economy Models
133. Sharing Economy Ecosystem
134. Key B2B Sharing Economy Costs, Global, 2016
135. Key Global B2B Sharing Economy Growth Areas, Global, 2016
136. Car sharing Market: Overview of Car sharing Members, Europe, 2014–2020
137. Country-wise Analysis of P2P Carsharing Members, Europe, 2014–2020
138. Carsharing Market: Convergence in Carsharing, Europe, 2011
139. Ridesharing Member Growth, Europe, 2014–2025
140. Ridesharing Revenue Estimates, Europe 2014–2025
141. Market for Ridesharing: Estimates—Ridesharing Segments, Europe, 2014–
2025
142. Ridesharing: Impact, Global, 2014
143. Total Final Energy Consumption, Europe, 2013, 2020, and 2015
144. Key Energy Consumers, Europe, 2025
145. Coal Generation Capacity
146. Forecasts, Europe, 2012, 2020, and 2030
147. Gas-fired Capacity
148. Forecasts, Europe, 2012, 2020, and 2030
149. Total Installed Capacity by Technology, Europe, 2012 and 2020
150. Renewable Energy Generation Target by Countries, Europe, 2013–2020
151. Annual Power Generation Forecast: Installed Capacity Forecast, EU, 2010–
2030
152. Annual Power Generation Forecast: Electricity Generation Forecast, EU,
2010–2030
153. Annual Power Generation Forecasts: Electricity Generation CAGRs by
Technology, EU, 2010–2030
154. Expected Plant Investment, Europe, 2015–2030
155. Average Annual Investments in Transmission and Distribution, 2015–2030
156. North-South Corridor, Europe, 2020
157. Numbers of Migrants, Europe, 2015
158. Healthcare Expenditure as a Per cent of the GDP, Top 16 Countries of
Europe 2014–2025
159. Healthcare Expenditure by Segment as a Per cent of the Total Healthcare
Expenditure, Europe, 2025
160. Healthcare Expenditure by Segment as a Per cent of the Healthcare
Expenditure, Europe, 2025
161. e-health Action Plan, EU, 2012–2020
162. Impact of Digital Healthcare (m-health), Europe, 2020 Aerospace Revenue
By Segment and Region, Global, 2014 and 2025
163. Aerospace Industry, Key Participants, Europe SESAR—Modernising the
European Sky
164. Defence Expenditure as a Percent of the GDP, Europe, 2014–2015



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