IPP, Licensing and Market Reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Energy Landscape, 2018

IPP, Licensing and Market Reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Energy Landscape, 2018

Growing Need for a Dynamic Energy Mix and the Demand for Private Investment will Create New Opportunities for Independent Power Producers

RELEASE DATE
13-Jul-2018
REGION
Africa
Research Code: MD78-01-00-00-00
SKU: EG01899-AF-MR_22120

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Description

The access to electricity in Africa is well below the global average, presenting a significant opportunity for the development of the energy supply industry, largely in the form of private sector investments in electricity generation. Many African governments are under immense pressure to improve the quality and reliability of electricity supplied within their respective countries. At the same time, however, governments face major constraints in finding suitable financing options and profitable business models that will ensure quality services in the energy sector. The growing pressure on the energy sectors of various African countries is primarily a result of the following 3 factors: non-performing revenue generation systems, aging infrastructure and a lack of finances available to fund new projects.

The power sectors in African countries are monopolized by a single public utility responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. The continuously increasing load being placed on public utilities and the need for private sector investments have highlighted the imperative need for energy sector reforms that will present an enabling environment for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and subsequently create the opportunity for a healthy and competitive energy sector to flourish in Africa. For this study, we have looked at such reforms in South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, to understand the role that IPPs have played in each country in terms of power generation, investment and overall structure of the power sector.

Initially, this study will discuss the drivers and restraints to IPPs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Next, this research will provide an overview of the power sector and move on to discuss the impacts and outcomes of energy sector reforms, outline the contribution of IPPs and analyse the retail tariffs and licensing requirements for IPPs across each region. Lastly, this study will look at the investment opportunities that can be and have been created by the proliferation of IPPs in each region.

With many countries unbundling their power generation and distribution sector, the market environment can now be easily regulated by governments and so the quality of service is expected to be improved significantly.

Key Issues Addressed

  • What is the current status and future development potential of independent power producers?
  • What are the licensing requirements for an IPP programme in Africa?
  • What are the current tariff structures in place in Africa?
  • What are the market reforms that govern the energy sectors in Africa?
  • What will be the key drivers and challenges to the development of IPP in the region?

Table of Contents

Key Findings

Executive Summary—CEO’s Perspective

Research Scope

Sub-Saharan Africa—Economic Outlook

Market Overview—Power Sector

Market Drivers

Market Restraints

Electricity Supply Industry

Power Sector—Overview

Market Reforms in the Energy Sector

Tariffs Applicable for IPPs

Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation

Energy Purchasing Targets for IPPs

Projection of IPP Projects

Future Investment in Renewable IPP

Future Investment in Non-Renewable IPP

Electricity Supply Industry

Power Sector—Overview

Structure of Power Sector in Tanzania

Market Reforms in the Energy Sector

Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation

Status of Electricity Tariffs

Licensing Requirements for IPPs

IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan

Major IPP Projects

Electricity Supply Industry

Power Sector—Overview

Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation

IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan

Market Reforms in the Energy Sector

Licensing Requirements for IPPs

Tariffs Applicable for IPPs

Major IPP Projects

Electricity Supply Industry

Power Sector—Overview

Privatisation Status of Power Generation Companies

Market Reforms in the Energy Sector

Licensing Requirements for IPPs

Tariffs Applicable for IPPs

Major IPP Projects

Growth Opportunity 1—IPP Infrastructure

Growth Opportunity 2—IPP Infrastructure

Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth

The Last Word—Three Big Predictions

Legal Disclaimer

List of Exhibits

List of Figures
  • 1. IPP Market: Market Drivers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019–2023
  • 2. IPP Market: Market Restraints, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019–2023
  • 3. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Tanzania, 2018
  • 4. IPP Market: Licensing Requirements for IPPs, Kenya, 2018
  • 5. IPP Market: Major FITs, Kenya, 2018
  • 6. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Kenya, 2018
  • 7. IPP Market: Privatisation Status of State Owned Generation Companies, Nigeria, 2018
  • 8. IPP Market: Feed-in Tariff, Nigeria, 2016
  • 9. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Nigeria, 2018
List of Charts
  • 1. IPP Market: GDP, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2018
  • 2. IPP Market: Real GDP Growth (at Market Prices), Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2022
  • 3. IPP Market: Access to Electricity, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018
  • 4. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, South Africa, 2017
  • 5. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, South Africa, 2021
  • 6. IPP Market: Tariffs Applicable for IPP Projects, South Africa, 2018
  • 7. IPP Market: Power Generation Capacity, South Africa, 2012–2016
  • 8. IPP Market: Distribution of Power Generation, South Africa, FY2014–FY2017 and FY2021
  • 9. IPP Market: Current and Future Capacity Addition in IPP Projects, South Africa, 2010–2030
  • 10. IPP Market: Future Investments in Renewable IPP, South Africa, 2011–2016
  • 11. IPP Market: Future Investments in Renewable Based IPP Projects, South Africa, 2018
  • 12. IPP Market: Future Investments in Non-Renewable IPP, South Africa, 2012–2016
  • 13. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, 2017
  • 14. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, 2020
  • 15. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, Beyond 2020
  • 16. IPP Market: Comparison Between Installed Capacity of TANESCO and IPPs, Tanzania, 2017–Beyond 2020
  • 17. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan, Tanzania, 2020
  • 18. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Kenya, 2017
  • 19. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Kenya, 2020
  • 20. IPP Market: Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2012–2017
  • 21. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2020
  • 22. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2017
  • 23. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Nigeria, 2020
  • 24. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Nigeria, 2017
  • 25. IPP Market: Structure of Power Sector Post Reforms, Nigeria, 2018
Related Research
The access to electricity in Africa is well below the global average, presenting a significant opportunity for the development of the energy supply industry, largely in the form of private sector investments in electricity generation. Many African governments are under immense pressure to improve the quality and reliability of electricity supplied within their respective countries. At the same time, however, governments face major constraints in finding suitable financing options and profitable business models that will ensure quality services in the energy sector. The growing pressure on the energy sectors of various African countries is primarily a result of the following 3 factors: non-performing revenue generation systems, aging infrastructure and a lack of finances available to fund new projects. The power sectors in African countries are monopolized by a single public utility responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. The continuously increasing load being placed on public utilities and the need for private sector investments have highlighted the imperative need for energy sector reforms that will present an enabling environment for Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and subsequently create the opportunity for a healthy and competitive energy sector to flourish in Africa. For this study, we have looked at such reforms in South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria, to understand the role that IPPs have played in each country in terms of power generation, investment and overall structure of the power sector. Initially, this study will discuss the drivers and restraints to IPPs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Next, this research will provide an overview of the power sector and move on to discuss the impacts and outcomes of energy sector reforms, outline the contribution of IPPs and analyse the retail tariffs and licensing requirements for IPPs across each region. Lastly, this study will look at the investment opportunities that can be a
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Table of Contents | Executive Summary~ || Key Findings~ || Executive Summary—CEO’s Perspective~ | Introduction~ || Research Scope~ || Sub-Saharan Africa—Economic Outlook~ || Market Overview—Power Sector~ | Market Drivers and Restraints~ || Market Drivers~ || Market Restraints~ | Country Overviews—South Africa~ || Electricity Supply Industry~ || Power Sector—Overview~ || Market Reforms in the Energy Sector~ || Tariffs Applicable for IPPs~ || Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation~ || Energy Purchasing Targets for IPPs~ || Projection of IPP Projects~ || Future Investment in Renewable IPP~ || Future Investment in Non-Renewable IPP~ | Tanzania~ || Electricity Supply Industry~ || Power Sector—Overview~ || Structure of Power Sector in Tanzania~ || Market Reforms in the Energy Sector~ || Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation~ || Status of Electricity Tariffs~ || Licensing Requirements for IPPs~ || IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan~ || Major IPP Projects~ | Kenya~ || Electricity Supply Industry~ || Power Sector—Overview~ || Total Power Generation vs IPP Generation~ || IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan~ || Market Reforms in the Energy Sector~ || Licensing Requirements for IPPs~ || Tariffs Applicable for IPPs~ || Major IPP Projects~ | Nigeria~ || Electricity Supply Industry~ || Power Sector—Overview~ || Privatisation Status of Power Generation Companies~ || Market Reforms in the Energy Sector~ || Licensing Requirements for IPPs~ || Tariffs Applicable for IPPs~ || Major IPP Projects~ | Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action~ || Growth Opportunity 1—IPP Infrastructure~ || Growth Opportunity 2—IPP Infrastructure~ || Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth~ | The Last Word~ || The Last Word—Three Big Predictions~ || Legal Disclaimer~ | Appendix~ || List of Exhibits~ | The Frost & Sullivan Story~
List of Charts and Figures 1. IPP Market: Market Drivers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019–2023~ 2. IPP Market: Market Restraints, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2019–2023~ 3. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Tanzania, 2018~ 4. IPP Market: Licensing Requirements for IPPs, Kenya, 2018~ 5. IPP Market: Major FITs, Kenya, 2018~ 6. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Kenya, 2018~ 7. IPP Market: Privatisation Status of State Owned Generation Companies, Nigeria, 2018~ 8. IPP Market: Feed-in Tariff, Nigeria, 2016~ 9. IPP Market: Major IPP Projects, Nigeria, 2018~| 1. IPP Market: GDP, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2018~ 2. IPP Market: Real GDP Growth (at Market Prices), Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2022~ 3. IPP Market: Access to Electricity, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018~ 4. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, South Africa, 2017~ 5. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, South Africa, 2021~ 6. IPP Market: Tariffs Applicable for IPP Projects, South Africa, 2018~ 7. IPP Market: Power Generation Capacity, South Africa, 2012–2016~ 8. IPP Market: Distribution of Power Generation, South Africa, FY2014–FY2017 and FY2021~ 9. IPP Market: Current and Future Capacity Addition in IPP Projects, South Africa, 2010–2030~ 10. IPP Market: Future Investments in Renewable IPP, South Africa, 2011–2016~ 11. IPP Market: Future Investments in Renewable Based IPP Projects, South Africa, 2018~ 12. IPP Market: Future Investments in Non-Renewable IPP, South Africa, 2012–2016~ 13. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, 2017~ 14. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, 2020~ 15. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Tanzania, Beyond 2020~ 16. IPP Market: Comparison Between Installed Capacity of TANESCO and IPPs, Tanzania, 2017–Beyond 2020~ 17. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Expansion Plan, Tanzania, 2020~ 18. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Kenya, 2017~ 19. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Kenya, 2020~ 20. IPP Market: Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2012–2017~ 21. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2020~ 22. IPP Market: IPP Power Generation Capacity, Kenya, 2017~ 23. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Nigeria, 2020~ 24. IPP Market: Plant Mix for Generation, Nigeria, 2017~ 25. IPP Market: Structure of Power Sector Post Reforms, Nigeria, 2018~
Author Nikhil Deshbhratar
Industries Energy
WIP Number MD78-01-00-00-00
Is Prebook No
GPS Codes 9210,9301-A4,9597,9599,9824-A7,9851,9852,9AFE-A4,9AFF-A4,9B00-A4,GETE