Kenya and Tanzania Electricity Markets

Addressing Opportunities in a Region with Growing Power Demand

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The electricity markets of Kenya and Tanzania are power scarce, with low electricity access and per capita consumption levels. Electricity demand here is set to increase significantly, driven by the economic upturn and increasing urbanisation. Kenya and Tanzania are focusing on utilising their natural gas and geothermal energy resources to meet the growing power requirement, shifting away from dependence on hydro power and costly diesel power. With significant investments anticipated for upgrading the generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure, the private sector would play a pivotal role in power generation through Independent Power Projects. This research service provides an insight into the current and future developments of the electricity supply industry in these countries and the potential opportunities for future investments.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Key Findings
2. Scope of Study
3. Introduction
Regional Economic Scenario
4. Kenya
Country Overview
Electricity Sector Overview
Power Generation Portfolio
Installed Generation Capacity
By Source
KenGen and IPPs
Geothermal Generation Capacity
Future Generation Portfolio (LCPDP and Kenya Energy Plan)
Upcoming Power Generation Projects—2015–2020
Future Generation Capacity (Medium Term)
Least Cost Power Development Plan (LCPDP) 2013–2033
Peak Demand and Energy Demand (Current)
Energy Demand by Region
Energy Demand Projections
Existing Transmission Capabilities
Electricity Market: Existing and Proposed Transmission Lines, Kenya, 2014/15
Regional Interconnections
Kenya–Tanzania Interconnection
Ethiopia–Kenya Interconnection
Distribution Network—KPLC and REP Customers
Improving Electricity Access
Electricity Tariff
Key Market Drivers, Kenya, 2015/16–2021/22
Inadequate generation capabilities
Strong economic growth and urbanisation
Focus on private sector
Enabling environment
Key Market Restraints, Kenya, 2015/16–2021/22
New transmission infrastructure
Integrating renewable energy
Limited private sector participation
5. Tanzania
Country Overview
Electricity Sector Overview
Power Generation Portfolio
Installed Generation and Available Capacity
Energy Generation Mix
Upcoming Power Generation Projects
Future Generation Portfolio—ESI Reform Strategy and Roadmap 2014 to 2025
Peak Demand and Energy Demand (Current)
Projected Peak Demand
Energy Demand by Region—2014
Existing Transmission Infrastructure (TANESCO)
Upcoming Transmission Projects
Regional Interconnections
Zambia–Tanzania–Kenya (ZTK) Interconnector Project
ZTK Interconnector Layout, Tanzania, 2014/15
Regional Interconnections in the Pipeline
Tanzania Distribution Network (Current)
Access to Electricity (as of June 2015)
Electricity Tariff
Key Market Drivers, Tanzania, 2015/16–2021/22
Economic development and growing demand
Conducive FDI environment
New generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure
Key Market Restraints, Tanzania, 2015/16–2021/22
Creditworthiness of TANESCO
Investment and capacity constraints
Expansive grid extension
6. Conclusions
7. The Last Word
3 Big Predictions
Legal Disclaimer
8. The Frost & Sullivan Story
Value Proposition: Future of Your Company & Career
Global Perspective
Industry Convergence
360º Research Perspective
Implementation Excellence
Our Blue Ocean Strategy


List of Figures & Charts

1. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Producer, Kenya, 2014/15
2. Electricity Market: Power Projects and Installed Capacity Under 5,000+ MW Programme, Kenya, 2014/15
3. Electricity Market: Maximum Demand by Region, Kenya, 2014/15
4. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Producer, Tanzania, 2014/15
5. Electricity Market: Upcoming Power Generation Projects, Tanzania, 2014/15–2019/20
6. Electricity Market: Electricity Sales by Region, Tanzania, 2013/14
7. Electricity Market: Proposed Transmission Projects, Tanzania, 2014/15
8. Electricity Market: Proposed Regional Interconnection Projects, Tanzania, 2014/15


1. GDP and Annual GDP Growth, Kenya and Tanzania, 2011–2021
2. Electricity Market: Per cent Installed Generation Capacity by Producer, Kenya, 2014/15
3. Electricity Market: Evolution of Installed Capacity, Kenya, 2011/12–2014/15
4. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Energy Source and Type, Kenya, 2014/15
5. Electricity Market: KenGen’s Installed Generation Capacity by Source, Kenya, 2014/15
6. Electricity Market: IPPs Installed Generation Capacity by Source, Kenya, 2014/15
7. Electricity Market: Geothermal Contribution in Electricity Generated, Kenya, 2014/15
8. Electricity Market: Installed Capacity Under 5000+ MW Programme, Kenya, 2014/15
9. Electricity Market: Proposed Installed Generation Capacity Mix, Kenya, 2014/15–2019/20
10. Electricity Market: Future Power Generation Mix by Producer, Kenya, 2019/20
11. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Fuel Type, Kenya, 2019/20
12. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Source, Kenya, 2032/33
13. Electricity Market: Energy Sales, Loss and Peak Demand Statistics, Kenya, 2011/12–2014/15
14. Electricity Market: Energy and Peak Demand Projections, Kenya, 2014/15–2019/20
15. Electricity Market: Electricity Consumer Statistics, Kenya, 2011/12–2014/15
16. Electricity Market: Evolution of Electricity Tariffs, Kenya, June 2011 to December 2015
17. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Fuel Type and Producer, Tanzania, 2014/15
18. Electricity Market: Evolution of Installed Capacity, Tanzania, 2011/12 to 2014/15
19. Electricity Market: Electricity Generation Mix, Tanzania, 2013/14 and 2014/15
20. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity, Tanzania, 2019/20
21. Electricity Market: Installed Generation Capacity by Fuel Type, Tanzania, 2024/25
22. Electricity Market: Energy Generation, Total System Losses and Peak Demand Statistics, Tanzania, 2011/12 to 2014/15
23. Electricity Market: Projected Energy and Peak Demand, Tanzania, 2015/16–2019/20
24. Electricity Market: Electricity Consumer Statistics, Tanzania, 2011/12 to 2014/15*
25. Electricity Market: Evolution of Electricity Tariffs, Tanzania, 2011/12 to 2014/15



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