The medical imaging market in China has experienced substantial growth, with multinational and local companies competing for higher market share. Medical imaging technology encompasses a wide range of imaging diagnosis methods (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are the three major market segments). This study presents a detailed analysis of the Chinese medical imaging market, and identifies and discusses key market drivers and restraints. It provides revenue and unit shipment forecasts for each market segment based on specific benchmarks. Major technology trends and strategies are presented to help market participants capitalize on business opportunities. The study period is from 2007 to 2016.