Non-Revenue Water in Sub-Saharan Africa

Overview of the Challenges and Opportunities for Reduction of Non-Revenue Water

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Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind most regions in the world in the availability, accessibility, and management of water. A key challenge for water utilities here is the high water losses in the water reticulation network. These are physical water losses due to leakages as well as apparent losses due to water theft and improper metering. Together, these losses in the water supply system make up the non-revenue water (NRW) for a utility. South Africa, Tanzania, and Mozambique lose about 35% of their total supplied water as NRW, while Zimbabwe loses about 53%. This research service provides an overview of the current situation of NRW in select Sub-Saharan African nations and the strategies being adopted for its future reduction.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Key Findings - Non-Revenue Water in Sub-Saharan Africa
2. Introduction
Non-Revenue Water—Scope of Study
Water Stress Projections
Water Stress by Country, Global, 2040
Water Situation in Sub-Saharan Africa
Definitions and Terminology
IWA Water Balance
Key Market Drivers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2019
Growing public awareness of water scarcity
Water Availability, Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990 and 2025
Urbanisation and income growth
Economic benefits
Regulatory environment
Key Market Restraints, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2019
Auditing and documentation
Quality of Water Records in Select Municipalities, South Africa, 2013
Financial resources
Lack of technical knowledge and human capital
Need for appropriate performance indicators to measure NRW losses
3. South Africa
Country Overview
Key Water Statistics, South Africa, 2014
Population Dynamics
Population Statistics, South Africa, 2011–2014
Population Statistics, South Africa, 2015–2020
Urban Population, South Africa, 2011–2014
Rural Population, South Africa, 2011–2014
Water Consumption
Sector-Wise Water Consumption, South Africa, 2014
Policy and Legislation
Institutional Framework
Trends in Non-Revenue Water
Historic Trends and Development, South Africa, 2011–2014
Utility-Wise Non-Revenue Water
NRW by Municipality, South Africa, 2013
Current Situation of NRW
NRW by Municipal Category, South Africa, 2013
Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
NRW and the Way Forward
Future Projections, South Africa, 2015–2019
Water Balance, South Africa, 2011/12
4. Zimbabwe
Country Overview
Key Water Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2014
Population Dynamics
Population Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
Population Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2015–2020
Urban Population, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
Rural Population, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
Water Consumption
Sector-Wise Water Consumption, Zimbabwe, 2014
Policy and Legislation
Institutional Framework
Trends in Non-Revenue Water
Historic Trends and Development, Zimbabwe, 2011–2015
Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
Current Trends and Historic Developments, Zimbabwe, 2009–2014
Current Situation of NRW
Water Balance, Zimbabwe, 2013/14
5. Tanzania
Country Overview
Key Water Statistics, Tanzania, 2014
Population Dynamics
Population Statistics, Tanzania, 2011–2014
Population Statistics, Tanzania, 2015–2020
Rural Population, Tanzania, 2011–2014
Urban Population, Tanzania, 2011–2014
Water Consumption
Water Consumption by Sector, Tanzania, 2013–2014
Policy and Legislation
Institutional Framework
Trends in Non-Revenue Water
Historic Trends and Development, Tanzania, 2011–2014
Utility-Wise Non-Revenue Water
Utility-Wise NRW for Regional WSSAs, Tanzania, 2011–2014
Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
NRW Situation
National WSSA Losses, Tanzania, 2012–2014
Regional WSSA Losses, Tanzania, 2011–2014
NRW by Utility for National WSSAs, Tanzania, 2011–2014
NRW and the Way Forward
Water Balance (Regional WSSA), Tanzania, 2013–2014
6. Mozambique
Country Overview
Key Water Statistics, Mozambique, 2014
Population Dynamics
Population Statistics, Mozambique, 2011–2014
Population Statistics, Mozambique, 2015–2020
Rural Population, Mozambique, 2011–2014
Urban Population, Mozambique, 2011–2014
Water Consumption
Water Consumption by Sector, Mozambique, 2013
Policy and Legislation
Institutional Framework
Trends in Non-Revenue Water
Historic Trends and Development, Mozambique, 2010–2015
NRW by Region
FIPAG NRW Losses by Region, Mozambique, 2010
FIPAG NRW Losses by Region, Mozambique, 2013
Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
NRW Situation
NRW and the Way Forward
Water Balance, Mozambique, 2013/14
7. Conclusions
Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa
8. The Last Word
3 Big Predictions
Legal Disclaimer
9. Appendix
Abbreviations
Data Sources
10. The Frost & Sullivan Story
The Journey to Visionary Innovation
Value Proposition—Future of Your Company & Career
Global Perspective
Industry Convergence
360º Research Perspective
Implementation Excellence
Our Blue Ocean Strategy


List of Figures & Charts

1. Non-Revenue Water: Water Stress by Country, Global, 2040
2. Non-Revenue Water: Key Market Drivers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2019
3. Non-Revenue Water: Key Market Restraints, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015–2019
4. Key Water Statistics, South Africa, 2014
5. Non-Revenue Water: NRW by Municipal Category, South Africa, 2013
6. Non-Revenue Water: Water Balance, South Africa, 2011/12
7. Non-Revenue Water: Key Water Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2014
8. Non-Revenue Water: Current Trends and Historic Developments, Zimbabwe, 2009–2014
9. Non-Revenue Water: Water Balance, Zimbabwe, 2013/14
10. Key Water Statistics, Tanzania, 2014
11. Non-Revenue Water: Water Balance (Regional WSSA), Tanzania, 2013–2014
12. Non-Revenue Water: Key Water Statistics, Mozambique, 2014
13. Non-Revenue Water: Water Balance, Mozambique, 2013/14


1. Water Availability, Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990 and 2025
2. Non-Revenue Water: Quality of Water Records in Select Municipalities, South Africa, 2013
3. Population Statistics, South Africa, 2011–2014
4. Population Statistics, South Africa, 2015–2020
5. Urban Population, South Africa, 2011–2014
6. Rural Population, South Africa, 2011–2014
7. Non-Revenue Water: Sector-Wise Water Consumption, South Africa, 2014
8. Non-Revenue Water: Historic Trends and Development, South Africa, 2011–2014
9. Non-Revenue Water: NRW by Municipality, South Africa, 2013
10. Non-Revenue Water: Future Projections, South Africa, 2015–2019
11. Population Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
12. Population Statistics, Zimbabwe, 2015–2020
13. Urban Population, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
14. Rural Population, Zimbabwe, 2011–2014
15. Non-Revenue Water: Sector-Wise Water Consumption, Zimbabwe, 2014
16. Non-Revenue Water: Historic Trends and Development, Zimbabwe, 2011–2015
17. Population Statistics, Tanzania, 2011–2014
18. Population Statistics, Tanzania, 2015–2020
19. Rural Population, Tanzania, 2011–2014
20. Urban Population, Tanzania, 2011–2014
21. Water Consumption by Sector, Tanzania, 2013–2014
22. Non-Revenue Water: Historic Trends and Development, Tanzania, 2011–2014
23. Non-Revenue Water: Utility-Wise NRW for Regional WSSAs, Tanzania, 2011–2014
24. Non-Revenue Water: National WSSA Losses, Tanzania, 2012–2014
25. Non-Revenue Water: Regional WSSA Losses, Tanzania, 2011–2014
26. Non-Revenue Water: NRW by Utility for National WSSAs, Tanzania, 2011–2014
27. Population Statistics, Mozambique, 2011–2014
28. Population Statistics, Mozambique, 2015–2020
29. Rural Population, Mozambique, 2011–2014
30. Urban Population, Mozambique, 2011–2014
31. Non-Revenue Water: Water Consumption by Sector, Mozambique, 2013
32. Non-Revenue Water: Historic Trends and Development, Mozambique, 2010–2015
33. Non-Revenue Water: FIPAG NRW Losses by Region, Mozambique, 2010
34. Non-Revenue Water: FIPAG NRW Losses by Region, Mozambique, 2013



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