Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies

Technologies in Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment will Play a Significant Role in Improving the Quality of Compost and Treated Effluents

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Decentralized solid waste and waste water management could be a cost effective and simple way in which waste could be managed on site or near waste generating operations. Rapid population growth and industrialization has increased the necessity for decentralized treatment technologies. The current global scenario has created need for decentralized wastewater treatment as centralized wastewater treatment alone might not be sufficient for managing the huge volume of waste and wastewater generated. Decentralized solutions would have lower footprint and also relatively easier to maintain.

This research services has identified the significance and top needs driving the need for Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment Technologies. Various technologies for decentralized waste and wastewater treatment have been discussed and analysis of each technology is provided in detail and the development status of various technologies and its future is discussed. The research service also focuses on drivers and challenges. Region-wise trends have been discussed and the best technologies are identified based on various criteria.

Table of Contents

1.0 Executive Summary1.1 Research Scope 1.2 Research Process and Methodology1.3 Key Findings in Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment Sector1.3 Key Findings in Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Sector (continued)2.0 Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment Sector Overview2.1 Significance of Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment 2.2 Future Needs—Reduction of Wastewater Discharge and Generation of Soil Amendments is a Major Need in the Decentralized Treatment Technology Domain2.3 Decentralized Technologies Addressing Future Needs: Eleven Technologies Identified 2.4 Industry Drivers and Restraints—Simple Design and Low Cost will Increase Adoption of Decentralized Treatment Technologies2.5 Industry Drivers and Restraints- Stringent Government Standards Have Highlighted the Need for Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment 2.6 Industry Value Chain—The Value Chain Consists of Four Major Elements 3.0 Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment Technologies3.1 Material Recovery Facility3.1.1 Introduction- Material Recovery Facility Segregates Waste and Prepares Recyclables for Manufacturers3.1.2 Patents and Industry Participants—The US and Many European Countries Create Innovative Technologies for MRF 3.1.3 Drivers and Restraints—MRF Helps Reduce the Manufacture of Products Based on New Synthetic Materials3.1.4 Stakeholder Participation—North American Countries Actively Participate in MRF for Efficient Segregation of Wastes3.1.5 Timeline—Introduction of Biogas Conversion to Energy Will Soon Be Incorporated in all MRFs3.1.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Material Recovery Facility3.2 Aerobic Composting3.2.1 Introduction—Aerobic Composting Enhances the Recycling Rates of Organic Wastes3.2.2 Patents & Industry Participants- North America and Europe have Introduced Many Innovations in Aerobic Composting 3.2.3 Drivers and Restraints: Involves Very Less Expensive Infrastructure for carrying out Aerobic Composting3.2.4 Stakeholder Participation—Asia-Pacific Countries Come up with Proprietary Equipment for Aerobic Composting 3.2.5 Timeline—Addition of Micronutrients to Soil Amendments Will Increase the Fertility Quotient of Composts3.2.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Aerobic Composting3.3 Anaerobic Composting3.3.1 Introduction—Decentralized Energy Generation and Waste Management is Possible Using Anaerobic Composting3.3.2 Patents and Industry Participants—North America Has the Maximum Number of Patents in Anaerobic Composting 3.3.3 Drivers and Restraints—Stress on Landfills is Reduced Considerably and Energy Generation Is Increased3.3.4 Stakeholder Participation—Stakeholders from Asia Create Innovative Models for Composting Anaerobically3.3.5 Timeline—Anaerobic Composting Will Also Be Used to Obtain Biogas through Futuristic Techniques and Facilities 3.3.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Anaerobic Composting for Treatment of Solid Waste3.4 Rapid Composting3.4.1 Introduction of Suitable Microorganisms Accelerates Composting Process and Improves Soil Health3.4.2 Patents and Industry Participants—North America and Europe Contribute Immensely for the Spread of Rapid Composting Technologies Worldwide3.4.3 Drivers and Restraints—Less Degradation Time for the Composts is the Biggest Advantage of Rapid Composting3.4.4 Stakeholder Participation—Asia Pacific Composting Companies Provide Proprietary Solutions to Generate Composts in a Short Time Span 3.4.5 Timeline—Expensive Composting Methods to Generate Soil Amendments at a Rapid Pace3.4.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Rapid Composting Technology for Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment3.5 Vermicomposting3.5.1 Introduction—Vermicomposts are Excellent Soil Conditioners and Nutrient-rich Organic Fertilizers3.5.2 Patents and Industry Participants—More Patents and Industry Participation is Required from All Regions3.5.3 Drivers and Restraints—Simple Design and Low Footprint Requirement Make Vermicomposters Very Reliable 3.5.4 Stakeholder Participation—The Asia Pacific Region Has Strong Participants in Vermicomposting Who Use Local Earthworms3.5.5 Timeline—Vermicomposting Requires Minimal Costs to Set Up the Most Efficient Vermicomposters3.5.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Vermicomposting for Solid Waste Treatment3.6 Biomethanation3.6.1 Introduction- Anaerobic Biochemical Conversions results in the Generation of Biogas3.6.2 Region-wise Technology Adoption and Development— Bioethanol3.6.3 Drivers and Restraints- Microorganisms Involved is Crucial for the Generation of Biogas3.6.4 Stakeholder Participation – Companies Provide Small Scale Digester Solutions for the Generation of Biogas3.6.5 Technology Roadmap—Nutrient Recovery from Composting Material is Important to Increase Soil Fertility 3.6.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomethanation for Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment4.0 Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Technologies4.1 Sequential Batch Reactors4.1.1 Introduction- Minimal Footprint and Simple Design Cut Down on Unnecessary Capital Costs4.1.2 Patents and Industry Participants- North America is Very Active in Contributing to Innovations in SBRs 4.1.3 Drivers and Restraints - Upgradation of Activated Sludge Processes and Septic Tanks to SBRs is Very Easy4.1.4 Stakeholder Participation- Many Proprietary Technologies are Used in SBR by Various Stakeholders to Increase Efficiency4.1.5 Timeline: Optimization of SBRs in the Future Will Result in Increased Removal Efficiency of Nitrogen and Phosphorus4.1.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Sequential Batch Reactors for Wastewater Treatment4.2 Constructed Wetlands4.2.1 Introduction- Constructed Wetlands Provides Habitat to Other Ecosystems and also Improves Groundwater Table4.2.2 Patents and Industry Participants- China and North America are the Global Leaders in Innovations in Wetlands 4.2.3 Drivers and Restraints-Unlimited Capacity and Low-cost Requirements Make it Suitable for Rural Regions4.2.4 Stakeholder Participation: Australian Companies are Very Efficient in Installing Constructed Wetlands throughout the Country4.2.5 Timeline: Utilization of Constructed Wetlands Results in the Increased Percolation of Ground Water4.2.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Constructed Wetlands for the Treatment of Wastewater4.3 Septic Tanks4.3.1 Introduction: Septic Tanks Represent On-site Sewage Treatment with Anaerobic Bacteria4.3.2 Patents and Industry Participants: North America and Europe Show Great Interests in More Innovations in Septic System-based Technologies4.3.3 Drivers and Restraints- Manual Cleaning of Septic Tanks Should be Eliminated so as to Avoid Hazardous Diseases4.3.4 Stakeholder Participation- Underground Septic Tank Facilities are Provided by Many Stakeholders to Enhance Aesthetic Appearance4.3.5 Timeline- Upgradation of Septic Systems with Secondary and Tertiary Treatment Systems Increases the Overall Efficiency4.3.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Septic Tanks for Wastewater Treatment 4.4 Trickling Filters4.4.1 Introduction- Compact Fixed Bed Biofilters to Treat Decentralized Wastewater4.4.2 Patents and Industry Participants- European Union Provides Guidelines for Efficient functioning of Trickling Filters 4.4.3 Drivers and Restraints: High Performance Efficiency and Minimal Footprint Make it More Reliable4.4.4 Stakeholder Participation: Many Stakeholders across Australia Develop Sustainable Solutions for Efficient Trickling Filter Systems4.4.5 Timeline: Hybrid Trickling Filter Systems Increase Overall Efficiency by Negating Weather Loss4.4.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Trickling Filters in Wastewater Treatment4.5 Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket4.5.1 Introduction- Upward Flow of Wastewater in an Anaerobic Digester Generates Biogas4.5.2 Region wise Technology Adoption and Development- UASB Technologies is Widely Adopted in Asia-Pacific and Latin American Countries4.5.3 Drivers and Restraints – Low Foot Print and Low Energy Consumption of USAB enables Widespread Adoption4.5.4 Stakeholder Participation – Companies Based on Food & Beverage, Paper & Pulp Utilize UASB Technology for the Treatment of Wastewater 4.5.5 Technology Roadmap - Combination of Processes with UASB Enhances the Quality of the Effluents4.5.6 Advantages and Disadvantages of Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket5.0 Analysis5.1 Decision Matrix for Solid Waste Treatment Technologies- Vermicomposting and Material Recovery Facility Will Be the Ideal Technologies to Adopt in All Regions5.2 Decision Matrix for Wastewater Treatment Technologies- Sequential Batch Reactors Provide Ideal Decentralized Wastewater Treatment with High Overall Efficiency5.3 Analysis for Wastewater Treatment Technologies across All Regions-Geographical Factors and Government Policies Play a Crucial Role in Selecting Decentralized Treatment Systems5.4 Analysis for Solid Waste Treatment Technologies across All Regions- Material Recovery Facility is Necessary to Segregate Waste Which Will Enhance Composting Processes 5.5 Key Inferences6.0 Growth Opportunities6.1 Growth Opportunity 1- Reduction of Wastewater Discharge—New Capabilities6.2 Growth Opportunity 2- Reduction of Wastewater Discharge—Geographic Expansion6.3 Growth Opportunity 3- Generation of Soil Amendments—New Capabilities6.4 Growth Opportunity 4- Generation of Soil Amendments—Geographic Expansion7.0 Analyst Insights 7.1 The Decentralized Treatment Sector is Expected to Experience Maximum Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region8.0 Key Patents and Contacts8.1 Key Patents Related to Material Recovery Facility and Aerobic Composting8.2 Key Patents Related to Anaerobic Composting and Rapid Composting8.3 Key Patents Related to Biomethanation and Vermicomposting8.4 Key Patents Related to Sequential Batch Reactors and Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket8.5 Key Patents Related to Constructed Wetlands and Trickling filters8.6 Key ContactsLegal Disclaimer9.0 The Frost & Sullivan Story9.1 The Frost & Sullivan Story9.2 Value Proposition: Future of Your Company and Career9.3 Global Perspective9.4 Industry Convergence9.5 360º Research Perspective9.6 Implementation Excellence9.7 Our Blue Ocean Strategy




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